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Full text of "General Julian S. Carr, greathearted citizen; addresses and addenda of centennial observance of his birth, Durham, North Carolina, October 12, 1945. Ed., with a foreword, by C. Sylvester Green."

GENERAL 

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OBSERVANCE OF 



Class .113. 3 W Book £23 S 




ELON COLLEGE, N. C 



GENERAL JULIAN S. GARR 
GREATHEARTED CITIZEN 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2014 



https://archive.org/details/generaljulianscaOOgree 




JULIAN SHAKESPEARE CARR 
1845-1925 



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GENERAL JULIAN S. GARR 

GREATHEARTED CITIZEN 

ADDRESSES AND ADDENDA OF 

Centennial Observance of His Birth 

Durham, North Carolina 
October 12, 1945 

EDITED, WITH A FOREWORD, BY 

C. SYLVESTER GREEN 
Editor, Durham Morning Herald 



DURHAM, N. C. 

THE SEEM AN PRIXTERY INCORPORATED 
I946 



C 23 



Dedicated 
with Admiration and Deep Affection 
to 

My Father 
by C. M C D. Carr 



Foreword 



BY C. SYLVESTER GREEN 

Editor, Durham Morning Herald 

A MAN'S immortality is tested by the memories of him 
that live with the passing years. What he wrought in 
business and in spheres of personal service, or left in monu- 
ments of philanthropic living make up the picture of his 
immortality as the years pass. 

Sometimes, a few short years and a man is not remem- 
bered at all. A close associate here and there may speak of 
him only when specifically asked. Days pass and no one 
misses him. How unfortunate the immortality of such a 
life. 

Julian Shakespeare Carr wrought the immortality of 
himself through thoughtful and full years of living. He 
was a man of unusual temperament and nobility. He had a 
capacity for thinking that was typical of the pioneer. He 
was fearless but tactful in his judgments. He knew the 
essence of friendship, and had many friends, won by being 
himself a friend to many. 

North Carolina, and especially the area of which Dur- 
ham is a geographical center, found itself greatly indebted 
to the man when he came to the end of his days. He had 
so indelibly made his impression on the State that literally 
thousands knew his name and were benefactors of his in- 
fluence. 

It is not unnatural then that the centennial of his birth 
should prove an occasion for reminding ourselves afresh of 

[v] 



the place that he occupied in the life of this area. There 
was something particularly fitting about the idea. 

First, the suggestion came from Mr. J. M. Templeton 
of Cary, N. C. He knew and loved General Carr in the 
years past. In a conversation with the distinguished editor 
of the News and Observer, Raleigh, N. C, the Hon. Jo- 
sephus Daniels, Mr. Templeton passed on to him the idea 
of the celebration. 

Mr. Daniels knew something of Mr. Carr's goodness. 
He had benefited by personal interest on the part of the 
General. So the idea was most cordially received. That 
was in October, 1944, and Editor Daniels made a brief 
comment in his paper suggesting that recognition be made 
of the centennial a year hence. 

The item received editorial comment in the Durham 
Morning Herald. Later it was referred to the Chamber 
of Commerce of Durham, and that body through its presi- 
dent, Donnie A. Sorrell, decided to appoint a special com- 
mittee on the observance of General Julian S. Carr Day in 
Durham, October 12, 1945. 

M. Arnold Briggs was named chairman, and much of 
the credit for the day's success is due Mr. Briggs for the 
thoroughness with which he organized and executed the 
plans. Associated with him were Miss Sallie Beavers, C. 
Sylvester Green, A. M. Harris, and Southgate Jones. 

The publication of this volume is the final phase of the 
committee's plans. It is made possible through the coopera- 
tion of those taking part on the day's programs. 

The day proved most successful. Beginning with the 
service at Maplewood, when the local chapter of the United 
Daughters of the Confederacy placed a wreath on the grave, 
until the final minute of the community-wide dinner held at 

[vi] 



the Armory in the evening, the day was filled with interest- 
ing events. A large number of out-of-town friends of the 
Carr family, and former residents of Durham came to the 
city for the program. 

By authority of the City Board of Education, the Cen- 
tral Junior High School was renamed "The Julian S. Carr 
Junior High School." This official announcement was made 
by the president of the Board, Dr. William H. Wanna- 
maker. A bas-relief of General Carr was unveiled in the 
foyer of the building, by Ralph Whitfield, Jr., president of 
the student body. This bas-relief was given to the school by 
the Depositors National Bank, successor to the First Na- 
tional Bank of Durham, an institution in which General 
Carr was actively interested. 

In this volume it was thought valuable to divide the 
contents into two major sections. In the first part of the 
book, there are copies of addresses delivered at the various 
programs of the day, plus a sketch of General Carr's imme- 
diate connection with the Soong family of China. This 
latter was written by Bishop Costen J. Harrell, one-time 
pastor of General Carr. Bishop Harrell had expected to be 
present, but was unfortunately forced to change his plans. 

Here we have a picture of General Carr, greathearted cit- 
izen that he was : soldier, friend of education, friendly neigh- 
bor, friend of the church, industrialist, and world citizen. 

In the second part of the volume, there are supporting 
articles and inclusions incident to the celebration of the day: 
the introductory remarks of President Sorrell, of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce ; the presentation address by Dr. Wanna- 
maker; copies of the several programs of the day; greetings 
addressed to the committee ; and finally, a collection of com- 
ments from local and State papers. 

So this is first of all a biographical study of a great man 

[v»] 



of the past century. It is also a reflection of a city's effort 
to pay deserved tribute to the memory of a man whose 
whole life's interests will never be erased from all that 
makes Durham what it is and may become. . 

To Mr. Templeton for inspiring the suggestion, and to 
all who helped to make the day possible and successful, 
there is occasion for special appreciation. 



Contents 



PAGE 

Foreword 

By C. Sylvester Green v 

I 

"The Noblest Roman" (A Poem) 

By Hersey E. Spence 3 

General Carr: The Soldier 

By Mrs. R. O. Everett 4 

General Carr: Friend of Education 

By Archibald Henderson 6 

General Carr: Friendly Neighbor 

By Josephus Daniels 23 

General Carr: Friend of the Church 

By William B. Umstead 42 

General Carr: Industrialist 

By Robert L. Lindsey 49 

General Carr: Greathearted Citizen 

By R. Gregg Cherry 54 

China's Role in the Postwar World 

By Bangnee Liu 56 

General Carr and the Education of Charlie Soong 

By Costen J. Harrell 6i 

II 

General Julian S. Carr Day 

By Donnie A. Sorrell 75 

[ix] 



PAGE 

Julian S. Carr Junior High School 

By W. H. Wannamaker 76 

Resolution and Proclamations 79 

Invitation and Programs for the Day 83 

Greetings: Telegrams of Appreciation 89 

Expressions from the Press 91 



[x] 



GENERAL JULIAN S. CARR 
GREATHEARTED CITIZEN 




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"The Noblest Roman" 

(TO GENERAL JULIAN S. CARR, 1 845- 1 924 ON THE 
CENTENNIAL OF HIS BIRTH ) 

The noblest of those knights of chivalry 

Who gave the olden South its golden sheen, 

And valiant fought to keep its scutcheon clean 

From sullying touch of arrant enemy; 

Though overwhelmed by flood of destiny , 

Up from the muck as tho y by alchemy , 

His people's prowess once again was seen. 

Led by this dauntless knight of noble mien; 

Today we place a wreath upon his bier, 

In praise sincere our grateful voices blend , 

In loving memory his name revere, 

As soldier y statesman, churchman , neighbor, friend; 

Tho > sounding "taps" a farewell tribute pay, 

Within our memory he will live for aye, 

— Hersey E. Spence. 



[3] 



General Carr, The Soldier 



BY MRS. R. O. EVERETT 

THE Daughters of the Confederacy pay tribute on this 
centenary of his birth to the memory of General Julian 
S. Carr for his business leadership in pioneering the indus- 
trialization of the South, and for his philanthropy in min- 
istering to the needs of our people when stricken by the 
ravages of war. 1 

This sentiment of esteem for the memory of General 
Carr is shared by all other good citizens of the community, 
just as General Carr's memory shares such esteem with the 
other great leaders and philanthropists of the city of 
Durham. 

The Daughters of the Confederacy, however, do ac- 
knowledge an individual sense of appreciation of General 
Carr for his unique service in perpetuating a high concept 
of southern culture and in popularizing such concept through 
his munificence. 

General Carr's ability won for him early in life great 
wealth, and the epaulets of a General of the Confederate 
Veterans j and thereafter he was able to display in heroic 
manner, throughout a long life, two dominant strains in his 
composition: a mode of living^ reflecting the Old South, and 
a liberality characteristic of the New South. 

His rearing in the town of Chapel Hill, and his attend - 
ance upon the University, a center of southern culture, im- 
bued him with the highest ideals of the South ; his early 
experiences and his service as a private in the Confederate 

[4] 



General Carr in Confederate Uniform 



Army gave him a sympathy with and an understanding of 
the needs and aspirations of the average man. 

He patterned his life according to his high concepts of 
southern culture, but beneath his epaulets there always beat 
the heart of a private soldier, and in his philanthropy, 
though dispensed with kid gloves, there was never a tinge 
of noblesse oblige, an obligation from position — but a gift 
from the heart of one to the needs of another which, but 
for good fortune, might have been his own. 

General Carr was a cavalier, heroic and romantic, and 
by his perpetuating and popularizing southern ideals, his 
memory will always be cherished by the Daughters of the 
Confederacy. 



[5] 



General Carr 

Friend of Education 

BY ARCHIBALD HENDERSON 
I 

NEAR this spot, in April, 1865, occurred two momen- 
tous events. One marked the conclusion of peace after 
four terrible years of fratricidal strife. The other was the 
fortuitous inauguration of the colossal tobacco industry in 
North Carolina, so closely identified with the name and 
career of Julian Shakespeare Carr. 

On April 17 and 18, at the home of a Confederate sol- 
dier, Lorenzo Lee Bennett, some three and a half miles 
west of Durham, General Joseph E. Johnston discussed terms 
of peace with General William T. Sherman. It is indis- 
putable that Sherman, the ruthless executant of the "scorched 
earth" policy in reverse, offered Johnston and the South 
far more liberal and magnanimous terms than those offered 
Lee, for which Grant has been so highly praised. These 
terms, accepted by President Jefferson Davis, were rejected 
by President Andrew Johnson and his cabinet. The final 
capitulation took place at the Bennett home on April 26, 
1 8 65 j and the final terms paralleled those accorded Lee by 
Grant. 

The ringing down of the curtain upon the mighty mar- 
tial drama of 1 861-1865 was accompanied by a minor inci- 
dent at the hamlet of Durham's, which sowed the seeds of 
this city's future prosperity, and prophetically foreshadowed 

[6] 



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the vast growth of the tobacco industry in North Carolina 
and the spectacular business career of Julian Shakespeare 
Carr. During the nine days of negotiations preceding the 
surrender, the boys in blue and the boys in gray, confi- 
dent of an early peace, camped around the railroad station 
and fraternized with exuberant gaiety: swapping yarns and 
horses, shooting at a mark, wrestling, and running foot- 
races. In a climax of hilarity the mischievous veterans of 
both armies ruthlessly sacked the nearby two-story frame 
building, crammed with tobacco, belonging to John R. 
Green j and proceeded in serene satisfaction to realize the 
actual ceremony, from time immemorial practiced there by 
the Occoneechee Indians, of smoking the pipe of peace. To 
Green, the sacking of his factory appeared at the time a great 
calamity; but just as the bitter draught of defeat was tem- 
pered with the prospect of peace, so the rape of the stored 
tobacco proved a blessing in disguise of incalculable propor- 
tions. Soon orders poured in from Maine to Texas, ad- 
dressed to the postmaster or station agent, the veterans de- 
manding more of "that good Durham tobacco." Quick to 
seize the advantage afforded by so fortunate an opportunity, 
Green promptly christened his tobacco "Durham" j and at 
the suggestion of a friend, John Y. Whitted, adopted the 
Durham Bull as a trademark. This was the first tobacco 
manufactured in Durham which was branded with the words 
"Durham Smoking Tobacco" j and it was also the first to use 
as a trademark "Durham Bull," which in time by a natural 
inversion became "Bull Durham Smoking Tobacco." 

In due time, Green wisely chose as partner a shrewd 
manufacturer and peddler of tobacco, William T. Blackwell 
of Kinston; and two years later, following Green's death, 
Blackwell purchased the entire business for about $2000. 
Soon afterward Blackwell took in James R. Day as a part- 
ner; and in 1870 John Wesley Carr, a leading merchant 

[7] 



of Chapel Hill, purchased for $4000 a third interest in the 
rapidly expanding business. Carr persuaded his son, Julian, 
who in 1868 had gone into business with his uncle in Little 
Rock, Arkansas, to return to North Carolina, which he be- 
lieved was destined to be the New Eldorado in business 
through the development of tobacco culture and manufac- 
ture. In September, 1870, Julian Shakespeare Carr entered 
the firm which took the name of W. T. Blackwell and Com- 
pany - y and from the outset he assumed the "entire control 
of its mercantile and financial department." 

Young Carr, then just twenty-five years old, proved to 
be a genius in the art of advertisement. At the University 
of North Carolina, which he had attended as a student from 
1862 to 1864, and again in 1 865-1 866, he had imbibed an 
ingrained, deep-seated respect, amounting to reverence, for 
education - y and in particular, had observed the amazing suc- 
cess of advertising the University achieved by President 
David Lowry Swain, who had thereby raised the attendance 
from 89 in 1835 to 456 in 1859, tne largest student body 
at any university in the United States, with the single ex- 
ception of Yale. Carr's experience in business in Arkansas 
further confirmed his faith in large-scale advertisement as 
a means of educating the public in the qualities and merits 
of industrial and manufactured products. In Little Rock 
he was jarred out of his complacency by the discovery that 
while many people there knew nothing of Chapel Hill and 
the University of North Carolina, they had heard of Dur- 
ham tobacco. In Durham, he proceeded to inaugurate an 
amazing campaign of visual education, doubtless stimulated 
by the huge bull painted on sheet iron by James E. Berry 
and mounted in front of their factory, the selfsame design 
which adorned the label of every bag of "Bull Durham 
Smoking Tobacco." The first impressive sight which con- 
fronted me on entering Chapel Hill in 1894 was a life-size 

[8] 



bull painted on the side of the brick store facing the former 
home of Julian S. Carr. Sign painters galore decorated the 
huge wooden signboards, strung along the leading railroad 
lines and highways in the United States, Canada, and Mex- 
ico, with formidable counterfeit presentments of the Durham 
Bull armies of salesmen threaded the continent in all di- 
rections. James Russell Lowell, Ambassador at the Court 
of St. James's, introduced Bull Durham to Alfred Lord 
Tennyson, who found its pleasant flavor conducive to poetic 
composition j and it is alleged that the mad humors and vio- 
lent tropes of Thomas Carlyle's "The French Revolution" 
were induced by the pungent bite of a Durham Bull. In 
commenting on the prevalence of the bovine nicotinal herald, 
Mark Twain, with calculated understatement, averred that 
the most conspicuous thing about the Egyptian Pyramids 
was the Durham Bull. Speaking at the Centennial Cele- 
bration of the University in 1889, "Jule" Carr proudly de- 
clared of Durham, a quondam "railroad turnout for Chapel 
Hill," that "with each rising sun the hum of her machinery 
is heard around the world." This is a slight, if pardonable 
exaggeration. But it is an attested fact that the whistles 
on one Durham tobacco factory were designed to imitate, 
on a greatly magnified scale, the bellowing of a bull; and 
the sounding of each bellow cost $6. 

II 

Julian S. Carr, descendant of John Carr, a native Irish- 
man who emigrated to Virginia in 1728 and served as an 
ensign in the Revolutionary War, was born in Chapel Hill 
on October 12, 1845. It is a singular and prophetic collo- 
cation of dates that in the year 1877 the twelfth of October, 
Carr's birthday, was first established as "University Day," 
in perpetual commemoration of the laying of the corner- 
stone of Old East Building on that day in 1793; and that 

[9] 



i877> tne year of the election of Julian S. Carr for the first 
time as a member of the Board of Trustees, was also the 
birth year of the speaker. Julian's father, John Wesley 
Carr, a successful merchant for half a century, one of the 
three justices of the county court for upwards of two decades, 
handsome in appearance and hospitable in disposition, was 
one of the most influential citizens of Chapel Hill and a 
devoted member of the Methodist Church. His charities 
were constant, but unostentatious ; and a decrepit woman 
of the community was once heard to remark: "Mr. Blank 
has holp me right smart at times j and Mr. So-and-So has 
holp me a good deal ; but, if it hadn't 'a been for Wes Carr, 
me and my children would all 'a been in the poor-house." 
The mother of Julian S. Carr was Elizabeth Pannill Bullock, 
whose people, of sterling stock and true worth, came from 
Virginia into Edgecombe, later Granville, County, during 
the middle years of the eighteenth century. 

As my father and "Jule" Carr were in college together, 
belonged to the same fraternity, enlisted in the same year 
in Lee's army, and were lifelong friends j and as I personally 
knew, with differing degrees of intimacy, Mr. Carr and his 
family and nephews, I welcome this opportunity to pay 
tribute to the most lovable, kind-hearted, and universally 
benevolent person I have ever known. The trait of lavish 
generosity he doubtless inherited from his father ; and in 
his own case it went to unexampled lengths in range and 
variety. It is not my assigned purpose here to trace the 
various steps by which he climbed, rung by rung, the ladder 
to fortune and fame. It is generally conceded that, after 
Zebulon B. Vance, he is the most universally popular man 
who ever lived in the State. He was the first business man 
in North Carolina to make a great fortune and that through 
his own financial genius. He may well have found the 
motto for his life in the epigram of the Latin poet, Martial: 

[10] 



Who gives to friends so much from Fate secures y 
That is the only wealth for ever yours. 

The aristocrat of the ancien regime dwelt proudly upon the 
motto of noblesse oblige; the wealthy democrat of the new 
order, as exemplified in Julian S. Carr, adopted the axiom 
suggested by Oliver Wendell Holmes : richesse oblige. Carr 
was a business man, a capitalist, a manufacturer, a publicist, 
a politician, a banker, a financier, a promoter, a captain of 
industry 5 and he was at the same time a philanthropist, a 
public benefactor, an exemplar of civic spirit and enterprise, 
a builder of churches, schools, colleges, universities, orphan 
asylums, homes for superannuated veterans and their wid- 
ows, director and partner in countless enterprises from 
which, in many cases, he entertained little expectation or 
hope of reaping personal profit. His private, unostentatious 
benefactions, to white «and black alike, were innumerable j 
and they greatly endeared him to the people of the State. 

Although he entertained ambitions for high public office, 
they were never realized, for reasons too complex for analy- 
sis. But he was no Achilles to sulk in his tent ; and cherished 
no resentment because his hopes for high political prefer- 
ment were thwarted. He repeatedly represented the State 
at national Democratic conventions ; and was always a liberal 
contributor to the party's exchequer. At the summit of his 
career as citizen and man, he held an enviable and unrivaled 
place in the hearts of the people of North Carolina. In 
honor of his seventieth birthday, the people of Durham 
spontaneously celebrated the occasion ; and from 3:30 to 
5 130 there was a cessation of all business to enable the people 
to pay tribute to him upon the lawn of his handsome home, 
"Somerset Villa." Governor Thomas Bickett declared that 
he interpreted the view of the people of North Carolina in 
describing Julian S. Carr as the "Good Samaritan" of our 
age j and Josephus Daniels editorially averred of Carr: 

[» ] 



"Public education has been with him a passion, and higher 
education has received from him the stimulus of interest and 
financial help." Julian S. Carr has been to the State of 
North Carolina and to her people a sort of composite of 
Grand Almoner and Universal Trustee. Like Hart and 
Kaufman's eccentric capitalist Vanderhof, he realized as 
Benjamin Franklin in Poor Richard's Almanac suggests re- 
garding wealth, "You Can't Take It With You"; and it 
was natural benevolence and instinctive generosity which 
prompted Carr to endorse and practice the philosophy so 
lucidly and tersely expressed by Andrew Carnegie in his 
Gospel of Wealth: "Surplus wealth is a sacred trust which 
the possessor is bound to administer in his lifetime for the 
good of the community." 

Ill 

During the past sixty years, North Carolina has emerged 
safely from the slough of despond, successfully weathered 
the misguided attempt of alien reconstruction, and trium- 
phantly entered upon a great new era of self-rehabilitation. 
It is no exaggeration to affirm that North Carolina is na- 
tionally distinguished for notable achievements in three fields 
of endeavor: agriculture, manufacturing, and education. 
Julian Carr rendered high service in all three fields. His 
interest in agriculture and the lot of the farmer was active, 
unremitting, and beneficial j and his model farm, "Occo- 
neechee," afforded the best object lesson of North Caro- 
lina's potentialities in agriculture which has yet been offered 
to the people of the State. In manufacturing, associated 
with the civic impulse toward town-building, Julian Carr 
made lasting contributions to Durham and the entire sur- 
rounding area j and built up industries, in the manufacture 
of tobacco and cotton products and hosiery which, for a 
time, were the master enterprises of their kind in the nation 

[12] 



and in the world. Carr and Blackwell and their associates 
built a borough around a bull ; and the Dukes, Watts, Hills, 
and others have carried on the great and creatively con- 
structive work of realizing J. G. Koerner's slogan, "Durham 
Renowned The World Around." 

Today, the area including the Consolidated University 
of North Carolina and Duke University constitutes one of 
the great intellectual and cultural centers of higher educa- 
tion and liberal learning, not only in America, but in the 
world. Names to conjure with, in the great movement 
toward universal education, are: Edwin A. Alderman, Wal- 
ter Hines Page, Charles B. Aycock, and William P. Few; 
and to these names of educational statesmen must be added 
the names of philanthropists and benefactors, the Dukes and 
Carr j the former, givers to one university on a colossal scale, 
the latter, a giver of numerous, smaller donations, to many 
different educational institutions, schools, colleges, and uni- 
versities, irrespective of affiliation, religion, or personal loy- 
alty. Moreover, Carr freely and unselfishly gave, not only 
of his wealth, but of himself, his time, energy, executive 
ability, and organizing genius, to building up and carrying 
forward numerous educational institutions and foundations. 
It is an impressive tribute to Carr's skill, energy, and devo- 
tion, and not merely a self-interested compliment to him as 
a man of wealth with generous instincts, that he was not only 
elected a trustee of many educational institutions, but was 
frequently placed on the executive board, appointed chair- 
man of important committees, or given offices of fiduciary 
trust and financial responsibility. To Davidson, Wake For- 
est, St. Mary's, Elon, Greensboro College, and to many 
schools, he made appreciable contributions, as well as to his 
own alma mater and the college of his own Church, in its 
last transformation known as Duke University, which he 

[13] 



was, in. no small measure, instrumental in bringing to 
Durham. 

In 1882 Carr, already a prominent and successful busi- 
ness man, was elected trustee of Trinity College, a small 
but excellent Methodist college then located in Randolph 
County j and he remained a trustee until January, 1895. 
Following the death of the eminent President Braxton 
Craven, there was an interim of more than a year before the 
election, as Craven's successor, on June 13, 1883, of the 
Rev. Marquis L. Wood, an honor graduate of Trinity of 
the class of 1885. There was a small debt, the discipline 
was lax, and interest of the Methodists in the college was 
clearly on the wane. Efforts to raise funds proved un- 
availing ; and handsome conditional offers by Carr and by 
Colonel J. W. Alspaugh, capitalist and civic leader of 
Winston-Salem, met with no response. Realizing that the 
college . was at a dangerous impasse. President Wood re- 
signed. A prominent trustee even proposed to sell the college 
property ; and the fate of the college hung in the balance. 

At this moment of crisis, Carr, who had been elected 
Treasurer of the college, dramatically stepped into the 
breach, and in conjunction with Colonel Alspaugh and Mr. 
James A. Gray, a prominent industrialist of Winston-Salem, 
took over the management of the college for two years. 
The Committee of Management guaranteed the sum of 
$3000 for the first year, and $2000 for the second year. 

The University of North Carolina, through one of its 
gifted graduates, Henry Horace Williams, of the class of 
1883, made its contribution next, toward the improvement 
of Trinity's condition. Williams, a divinity student at Yale, 
recommended to Carr, chairman of the committee to select 
a president, one of his fellow-students at Yale, the able, 
aggressive, and highly intellectual John Franklin Crowell. 
Of thirteen candidates, Crowell was unanimously elected 

[14] 



president on April 5, 18875 tne Conference resolved to raise 
an endowment of $100,000 during that year; and Trinity's 
rehabilitation seemed assured When the decision for raising 
the endowment was made, Carr, who always had a superb 
sense of timing, thrilled his auditors by dramatically handing 
to Treasurer Gray a $10,000 certificate of stock in the Dur- 
ham Cotton Manufacturing Company ; and, moved by this 
gift, the Conference drafted a powerful appeal to Method- 
ism to support Trinity College. Two years later, an issue 
of grave consequence to the college was projected before the 
North Carolina Conference by the progressive new president 
in tense and dramatic appeals to remove Trinity from Ran- 
dolph County to some city. Crowell's eloquence triumphed - y 
and Raleigh's offer of twelve acres of land, $20,500 in 
pledges, and the promise to raise additional funds was 
accepted. 

Born in Chapel Hill, a small village, and habituated by 
the example of his alma mater to a preference for the sylvan 
shades of academe far from the maddening crowd, Carr at 
first opposed removal of Trinity from Randolph County. 
But after the Raleigh bid had been accepted, he visited the 
proposed site, investigated the financial prospects, and came 
to the inescapable conclusion that the Raleigh bid was wholly 
inadequate and that Trinity must be brought to Durham. 
Soon afterwards, Mr. Washington Duke offered to give 
$50,000 more than Raleigh's estimated bid of $35,000, if 
the Methodist Church would bring Trinity to Durham 3 and 
Mr. Carr agreed to furnish an appropriate site. The result 
was an epochal agreement to this effect made at the home of 
Mr. Washington Duke. The following minute is taken 
from the records of the Board of Trustees of Trinity Col- 
lege, Durham, March 20, 1890: 

A proposition was also read from J. S. Carr, do- 
[15] 



nating sixty acres of land including the "Blackwell 
Park," as a site for the proposed College Buildings. 

William T. Blackwell, Carr's former partner who owned the 
park, declared on April 25, 1896, that he and "Jule" Carr 
had built more than two hundred houses in Durham, de- 
scribed the amazing progress of the Bull City, the "biggest 
town of its size in the world," and with unobtrusive modesty 
added, with a chuckle 5 "And I was the daddy of it all." I 
cannot resist the temptation to quote the glowing description 
of "Blackwell Park" by L. L. Nash, which appeared in the 
Raleigh Christian Advocate , June 1, 1890: 

The Blackwell Park at Durham, where Trinity 
College will be located, is one of the finest pieces of 
property in the State. I had no idea what a magnificent 
site and fine grounds the College had until Brother B. 
N. Duke took me over them. There is 62 acres, 
upon which $40,000 has been expended in improve- 
ments of various kinds. There are a number of neat 
cottages scattered around over the grounds, four fine 
wells of water, a large building used for a grandstand, 
and a fine drive made for a track to try the speed of 
horses, and within this circle is the finest grounds for 
athletic sports to be found anywhere. There is a fine 
orchard on the grounds, and grape vineyard, a large 
stable (two of them) and a hennery. In fact there is 
every appliance for a truck and dairy farm. Then 
there is a fine grove of young oaks, large enough to 
make an excellent shade, on another part of the grounds. 
When I rode through these grounds I could not help 
exclaiming: "The Lord, by his special Providence, gave 
this beautiful site to His choice for a Christian School. 

Perhaps a race course, amusement park, and grape vineyard 
combined was not a wholly inappropriate site for a college. 

[16] 



After all, a college is a sort of intellectual race course j and 
a college campus is surely an amusement park, especially 
when there is a grape vineyard in the immediate neighbor- 
hood. Julian S. Carr will always be remembered with grati - 
tude for his donation of $20,000, to purchase such a beauti- 
ful site for a Christian College. Through this benefaction, 
he exercised a vital influence in molding the destiny of 
Trinity. Perhaps some subconscious prophetic sense enabled 
him to divine the shape of things to come in the monumental 
benefactions for the creation of Duke University. 

IV 

In Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice y Portia ob- 
serving the light in her window, remarks to Nerissa, with 
a quaint simile of enduring charm : 

How far that little candle throws his beams! 
So shines a good deed in a naughty world. 

The power-house of Julian S. Carr's generosity to his alma 
mater has thrown many refulgent beams athwart the mod- 
ern world. In the village where he was born and at the 
institution of learning where he was nurtured, he once 
quoted the winged words of Quintus Horatius Flaccus: 
Dulce et decorum est fro f atria mori — "It is sweet and 
fitting to die for one's country" — and then decisively added 
that, personally, he preferred to follow a motto of his own 
invention: "It is sweeter to live for one's country than to 
die for it." For upwards of half a century, he lived and 
labored for his country, and above all, for his alma mater, 
which he endowed and re-endowed with an ever-flowing 
generosity and continuity of benefaction far beyond the or- 
dinary call of duty or the conventional promptings of philan- 
thropy. During this period he was constantly serving the 
University in one official capacity or another — as trustee, 
member of the executive and visiting committees, president 

[17] 



of alumni associations, orator on public occasions, and the 
like. He labored diligently and contributed generously 
toward the reopening of the University in 1875, and made 
his first appreciable financial contribution to the institution, 
towards the rebuilding of Person Hall, originally erected 
in 1798, which was destroyed by fire on February 6, 1877. 
At the Commencement exercises of 18 90 he startled and 
thrilled his auditors with the enthusiastic announcement that 
he would head the list of subscribers with a contribution of 
$10,000 to the fund of $35,000 to be raised for the en- 
dowment of a Chair of History. In 1895 he made the 
largest single contribution toward the erection of Alumni 
Hall, the first building ever erected on the University cam- 
pus by popular subscription. On innumerable occasions he 
loosed his purse-strings to aid University projects: Library, 
scholarships, gymnasium, the State University Railroad, 
what you will; and on two occasions, 1879 and 1882, he 
and his partner, W. T. Blackwell, transported the entire 
membership of the Masonic Order in North Carolina, then 
in session in Durham, to Chapel Hill to attend the Com- 
mencement exercises. A rousing cheer from the student 
body greeted the wielders of the trowel, plumb line, and 
square, each puffing industriously at a large reed and Sally 
Michael clay pipe, the while the seven four-horse and five 
two-horse vehicles, which bore them, all gaily bedight with 
bunting, dashed triumphantly down the main street of the 
startled little village. "Jule" Carr was always ready and 
willing to subscribe to any project for the University's im- 
provement; and from the standpoint of accessibility to ap- 
peal for metallic sympathy, he qualified one hundred per 
cent as a "Tar Heel on hand." 

The gift for which he is best remembered by University 
alumni is the Julian Shakespeare Carr Building, a handsome 
dormitory providing superior accommodations for eighty- 

[18] 



four students. This was the largest individual gift to the 
University, in the form of a building, to that date, 1900, 
although three other buildings, Person Hall, Gerrard Hall, 
and Smith Hall already stood upon the campus in commem- 
oration of generous donors. Half a century earlier the name 
of Carr, Julian's father, was written upon a little store in 
the humble village of Chapel Hill. In accepting the build- 
ing which cost exactly $18,841.20 Richard H. Battle, sec- 
retary and treasurer of the Board of Trustees, remarked: 
"Every succeeding generation of youths, for ages to come, 
will have cause, when they enter its door, and see 'The 
Carr Building' inscribed upon its walls, to remember him 
who did so much for them." On University Day, October 
12, 1900, President Francis P. Venable said: "The Univer- 
sity's first and greatest work is the sending forth of such men 
as David Gaston Worth, John W. Fries, Julian S. Carr, 
and a host of others who have truly served and uplifted 
their fellows." 

V 

In conclusion, I wish to speak briefly of one of the most 
extraordinary conversions of history, as judged by the ef- 
fects and repercussions throughout the world of today. After 
mature reflection, I am convinced that Julian S. Carr's great- 
est gift to the world was not the site for Trinity College or 
the Carr Building to the University of North Carolina, but 
the education of Soong Chiao-chun [pronounced Yao-jun], 
who was born in 1866 on Hainan Island, off the south coast 
of Kwantung province in China.* At the age of fourteen he 
came into the port of Wilmington, North Carolina j and one 
of the officers of the ship, who attended the Fifth Street 
Methodist Church, urged upon the impressionable Chinese 

* During his sojourn in the United States, young- Soong dropped the "g," 
resuming it upon his return to China. During his college days he often 
smilingly remarked: "I'd rather be Soon than late." It is surmised that the 
names "Charles Jones" were employed as the sounds most naturally suggested 
by the pronunciation of "Chiao-chun." 

[19] 



boy the benison of the saving faith of Christ. Soon after his 
ship came into port, the kindly officer recommended Soon 
to Roger Moore, who had been a colonel of the Third North 
Carolina Cavalry, in which Julian S. Carr was a private 
during the War for Southern Independence ; and Moore 
wrote to his warm friend Carr of young Soon's desire for 
an education. Already, on November 7, 1880, Soon had 
been baptized in the old Fifth Street Methodist Church, in 
an "exceedingly impressive" ceremony, the Wilmington 
Star of that date stating that Soon was "probably the first 
Celestial that has ever submitted to the ordinance of Bap- 
tism in North Carolina." Carr took the young Celestial, 
a happy name for one who has just dedicated himself to 
the service of God in Heaven and on earth, into his own 
home; and in April, 1881, entered him as a preparatory 
student in Trinity College. Soon was gay and buoyant in 
disposition, and regarded Carr, whom he called "Father 
Carr," with filial love and respect. 

After more than a year of study at Trinity College, he 
was sent by Carr in the fall of 1882 to enter the theological 
seminary of Vanderbilt University, studying in Wesley Hall 
which, prophetically, bore the inscription, "Schola Prophe- 
tarum" over the doorway. Soon had already dedicated him- 
self to the service of Christ and resolved to return to China. 
On leaving Vanderbilt in the spring of 1885, whence he was 
graduated with honors in theology, he was given a "send-off 
party" j and Dean Tillett preached a sermon on the appro- 
priate text : "Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel 
to every creature." In his reply to Dean Tillett's words of 
commendation, Soon, who had been assisting in revival meet- 
ings, said, among other things: "I have found pleasure and 
joy in preaching the Gospel of Christ. I have already seen 
some of the fruits of my ministry. I go back to my people 
to preach the Gospel of Christ to them, and to live the life 

[20] 



of Christ among them." For several years he preached in 
China: at Woosung, Soochow, Kuensan [Kwensan] j and 
also taught English in a number of schools, notably in the 
China National Institute. One of his pupils, the philosopher 
and diplomat, Dr. Hu Shih, praised him as an excellent 
teacher 5 and he is said to have had, in all, over 3000 stu- 
dents. As the Methodist missionary authorities chose to 
consider him a "native preacher" and refused to grant him 
the status of a missionary, Soong, in profound disillusion- 
ment, entered business, was appointed "English Secretary" 
and manager of the great Foo-Fung Flour Mill in Shanghai, 
and became the first agent for foreign machinery in that 
city. 

After coming in contact with Dr. Sun Yat-sen, Soong 
established a publishing firm, the chief output of his press 
being Bibles, as a phase of his Christian missionary work in 
China. But under cover, as Dr. Sun Yat-sen's sworn ally, 
he printed revolutionary articles and pamphlets, and became 
the organizer, secretary, and secret agent for the great revo- 
lutionary leader. Until his death of cancer on May 3, 191 8, 
Soong gave himself wholeheartedly to forwarding the prin- 
ciples of the Tungmenghui: the overthrow of the Manchu 
throne, establishment of democracy and a republic, elimina- 
tion of foreign control, uplift of women and the laboring 
classes, and the development of the vast and unplumbed 
resources of the country. Although Charles Jones Soong 
died before the success of the Revolution, he had become 
before his death a prominent official in the Kuomingtang; 
and through his marriage with Kwei-tseng-Ni, he had laid 
the foundations of probably the most powerful family dy- 
nasty, a dynasty of Christian principles and professions, in 
the world. His three daughters, Ei-ling, Ching-ling, and 
Mei-ling, which suggest the "echo of distant temple bells," 
and may be translated "Kindliness," "Glory," and "Beauty," 

[21] 



became the wives, respectively, of H. H. Kung, Minister of 
Finance and sometime Premier of the Nationalist Govern- 
ment j Dr. Sun Yat-sen, "father of the Chinese Republic," 
whose memory is revered in China as is that of Lenin in 
Russia j and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, overtopping 
figure in the China of today. His three sons, T. V., T. L., 
and T. A. Soong, have all achieved eminence respectively, 
as President of the Bank of China, managing director of 
the Manufacturer's Bank of Shanghai, and high Treasury 
official in charge of collecting the Salt Gabelle, one of the 
chief sources of governmental revenue. 

When Julian S. Carr, the patron of Charles Jones Soong, 
made a voyage around the world in 19 14, he visited his 
frotege y who greeted him effusively on the pier at Shang- 
hai. He was domiciled in one of the finest residences in 
the International Settlement, handsomely entertained, and 
treated with all the honors customarily bestowed upon a 
reigning monarch. Dr. Sun Yat-sen paid his respects to the 
benefactor of his dearest friend ; and presented to General 
Carr three specially designed porcelain vases as a gift of the 
Chinese government. 

The global circle was complete ; the Occident and the 
Orient, Christianity and Democracy, joined hands. The 
conversion of Soong Chiao-chun to Christianity, and his edu- 
cation at Trinity College and Vanderbilt University through 
the benevolence of Julian Shakespeare Carr, have carried to 
countless millions in China the dream of a more abundant 
life of the body, the mind, and the soul: the Gospel of 
Christ. This modern miracle, this transcendent drama of 
education, conversion, and national transformation, reveals 
to us the true meaning of Francis Thompson's lines in "The 
Mistress of Vision": 

Thou canst not stir a flower 
Without troubling of a star, 

[22] 



General Carr 



Friendly Neighbor 

BY JOSEPHUS DANIELS 

IF ASKED to name the industrialist and philanthropist 
who wrote his name most indelibly on the life of this 
commonwealth in the years following the war of the sixties, 
the student of those transition years would write in large 
letters the name of Julian Shakespeare Carr. His name like 
that of Abou Ben Adhem "led all the rest" in his versatile 
contributions, touching more fields than any of his contem- 
poraries. The State owes a lasting debt to all those who 
rebuilt it after the ravages of war and the passions engen- 
dered by reconstruction. Today we commemorate the cen- 
tennial of Durham's pioneer industrialist and philanthropist. 

The South had builded its life mainly on agriculture, 
largely based on slave labor. It was rich in gracious women 
and chivalric men. But the plantation system depended on 
swapping cotton for the implements of agriculture, the tools 
of industry, and the weapons of war. Aside from some 
utilization of the streams to produce power for converting 
the fleecy staple into the finished product and some too neg- 
ligible use of its iron and like resources, the South was not 
industrialized. Its riches were in land and slaves. The 
war of the sixties witnessed the emancipation of the Negro 
without compensation to those who had invested their all 
in the ownership of slaves imported from Africa. 

With Lee's surrender at Appomattox and the expiring 
hours of the Confederacy at Bennett Place near Durham, 

[23] 



new conditions called for new duties and ventures into new 
fields. The South, without capital and many of its leaders 
broken in body and some in spirit, had this trinity upon 
which to rebuild: 

1. The land, the everlasting source of sustenance. 

2. The heritage and example of Robert E. Lee who 
set an example of accepting a $1,500 teaching job and 
turning down a $50,000 offer for the use of his name 
and his devotion to a restored union. 

3. The indomitable spirit of unconquerable men. 
To be sure some older men had been broken at the 
wheel, but their faith and the great resource of younger 
men of ambition and initiative could not dampen the 
dauntless spirit which rebuilded the South. 

Among the dynamic youthful spirits who doffed the 
Confederate uniform and turned to industry was the golden- 
hearted man whose centennial we celebrate today. Julian 
Carr was born in Chapel Hill, a University village which 
had never heard the whirr of machinery or the music of the 
spindles. Leaving college in his teens with enthusiasm for 
the Bonnie Blue Flag which he never ceased to love, the 
tocsin of war rudely interrupted his education. There was 
then no government subsidy to induce men who had served 
in the armed forces to return to college and complete their 
education. The institutions of learning not closed were as 
poor as a church mouse. Young Carr early saw that the 
South's recovery and prosperity depended upon converting 
its tobacco and cotton into the finished product which would 
command world-wide markets. Living in a tobacco section, 
and familiar with the popularity among soldiers of the Fed- 
eral and Confederate armies encamped at the Bennett Place 
of "Durham Tobacco" made in barns he envisioned the man- 

[24] 



ufacture of tobacco as the opportunity and hope of Central 
North Carolina. 

With the few thousand dollars his father was able to 
give him, he took a long journey — all the way from the 
shades of Chapel Hill to what was to become the tobaccop- 
olis of the world. Already Colonel Buck Blackwell and 
James R. Day were making Durham Bull Tobacco in a 
small factory in Durham. They needed a partner with 
some ready money who could direct the business end of a 
young and expanding business. Col. Blackwell welcomed 
young Carr as a partner. Soon, thanks to Carr's ingenuity 
and enterprise, Poet Laureate Tennyson's picture and Prime 
Minister Gladestone's, smoking Durham Bull smoking to- 
bacco, appeared in all the papers and Carr was ambitious to 
paint the Durham Bull on the Pyramids of Egypt. Before 
a great while in every portion of the globe smokers were 
saying: "Give me Durham Bull Tobacco," and soon "the 
Duke of Durham" took its place with royalty. It was said — 
I have no doubt it was true — that its famous smoking to- 
bacco made Durham a household word in countries which 
had never heard of the State of North Carolina. At least that 
was Durham's boast, and Durham in those days was not 
backward in blowing its horn, advertent to the truth that 
"he who bloweth not his own horn, verily the same shall 
not be blown." Mind you, that was in the early 8o's before 
Durham had become so great it needed not to boast! 

When a technical Supreme Court decision closed the 
graded schools of Durham in the late 8o's, Col. W. T. Black- 
well guaranteed sufficient money to continue the operation 
of the schools, and was joined in that noble act by other 
Durham citizens including General Carr. The Tobacco 
Plant of which General Carr was the good angel declared: 

"As long as Blackwell's Bull growls out its welcome to 
the moon, as long as Duke's warhoop scares the sun 

[25] 



away from the evening sky, as long as tobacco grows 
and smoke curls upward, the graded schools of Durham 
will go on with increasing usefulness and prosperity." 

The writer ought to have added that Col. Blackwell would 
always be held in grateful remembrance. 

The story of Durham's prowess and later primacy in 
tobacco is a matter of history not only in this State but also 
in the wide, wide world. We honor today the memory of 
a noble captain of industry who in his early days was a leader 
in laying the foundation upon which this prosperous city is 
builded. If you could know the great development which 
tobacco men, their names are familiar, began in Durham, 
the answer is "Look about you." 

North Carolinians have been rather slow in giving honor 
to their own sons responsible for its fame and prosperity. 
Too often we have looked abroad to give honor to lesser 
men than those who were home-grown. In setting apart this 
day to recall the distinguished name of General Julian S. 
Carr, I hope it is the beginning of larger recognition of other 
men and women who have here at home built institutions 
that will endure, and will challenge emulation tomorrow and 
all the tomorrows. 

This generation will be stimulated to higher ambition 
by reading the lives of the forward-looking men who from 
a small railroad station made Durham a city known wherever 
there is appreciation of the qualities which have made Dur- 
ham an industrial and educational capital. General Carr was 
a pioneer in almost every forward movement from the pe- 
riod of the War Between the States to the day of his death. 
His first name was "Town Pride." Whatever made for 
the advancement of Durham and the need of its people was 
a dominating passion with the man whose centenary we cele- 
brate today. There are men now living who can recall his 
leadership and generous contributions to every good cause. 

[26] 



His interests and benefactions were not confined to his town, 
to his church, to his party, to his near neighbors — they 
stretched out to all faiths and creeds and embraced the whole 
State in their benefactions. 

His first love was the University of North Carolina, lo- 
cated in the town of his birth, endeared to him by a thousand 
ties. He was the first individual to erect a building on its 
campus and his contributions in every way were continuous 
and generous. His church schools — Trinity College in 
Randolph County and Greensboro Female College — found 
him a friend in time of need. A score of other institutions 
were blessed by his beneficence. When Trinity College, 
now Duke University, was moved to Durham where it was 
to grow to greatness, it was located on a magnificent campus 
site, the gift of General Carr. But gifts to institutions was 
only a means to an end. If the roll could be called of am- 
bitious young men and women enabled to secure an educa- 
tion by his interest and generosity, the list would reach from 
Charlie Soong's home in China to Chapel Hill and Durham 
and beyond. If all to whom he opened doors could rise up 
and call him "blessed," they would run into hundreds and 
thousands. His heart and purse were open, not only to 
churches and colleges and preachers, but to every good cause 
and particularly so to those who were in need. 

His generous hand followed his warm heart. Gen. Carr 
was the first rich man to feel the compulsion of aiding the 
Negro in his schools and churches in a large way. This 
conception of duty was entertained also by Washington Duke 
and his sons. Their spirit and generosity made Durham an 
example to all communities to enlarge opportunities to their 
Negro neighbors. And its blessings are evident in the North 
Carolina State College for Negroes located in Durham and 
the city's modern Negro hospital and schools and churches. 

[27] 



To every man comes a testing time "the moment to 
decide." It came to General Carr in an incident of more 
than local importance. He chose to follow what he re- 
garded as the example of his pattern, General Lee, than to 
be a party to what he regarded as keeping alive the passions 
of the war of the sixties. 

Most historians give Appomattox as the place and 
Sunday, April 9, 1865 the time when Lee surrendered his 
Army to Grant as the final act of the War Between the 
States. But, though the surrender of Lee foreshadowed the 
close of the war, the final act did not come until Johnston 
surrendered to Sherman at the Bennett Place a few miles 
west of Durham on the 26th day of April 1865, sixteen days 
after Lee had capitulated with the exhaustion of an army 
which had carried on courageously and often victoriously in 
battle by soldiers barefooted and hungry. The surrender 
took place at the Bennett Farm — recorded in the books as 
near "Durham Station." Therefore, Bennett Place became 
an historic place to be remembered. 

Long years afterward the late Samuel T. Morgan, suc- 
cessful business man, of Durham and Richmond, purchased 
the farm where the last meeting of Federals and Confed- 
erates was held. "Thus the war came to an end" in the 
County of Durham. Mr. Morgan generously tendered a 
plot of land where Sherman and Johnston met to agree upon 
terms of surrender with a donation to erect a marker on the 
spot. The General Assembly of 1923 created the Bennett 
Memorial Commission with Col. Benehan Cameron and 
Gen. Carr of Durham County, and other patriotic citizens as 
members of the Commission. They were authorized to ac- 
cept the marker. In pursuance of that act plans were made 
for a fitting ceremony of dedication. As representing the 
two sections, then at war and now united, Senator Burton 
K. Wheeler, of Montana and Gen. Julian S. Carr, Com- 

[28] 



mander of the Confederate Veterans, were chosen to voice 
the spirit of a renewed republic. All the plans went well 
until some of the Daughters of the Confederacy, mistakingly 
thinking the marker and the exercises were in celebration of 
the defeat of the Confederacy voiced a vigorous protest to 
the dedicatory exercises. Naturally they carried their pro- 
test to their townsman, Commander of the Confederate Vet- 
erans, whose devotion to his comrades who wore the gray 
was the supreme passion of his life. They wished Gen. Carr 
to refrain from "celebrating defeat" as they called the erec- 
tion of the monument. In vain did he cite the attitude of 
General Lee who said after Appomattox "Gen. Grant has 
acted with magnanimity" and recalled Lee's attitude of seek- 
ing to remove the scars of war and restore the South to its 
place in the Union to which his leadership had contributed 
so much. Some of these good ladies, but not all, were con- 
vinced by Gen. Carr's wise statement. But there were others 
who demanded that as head of the Confederate Veterans he 
refuse to countenance or take part in the "dedicating of a 
monument to the defeat of the South" as they conceived the 
marker at the Bennett Place to connote. They had some 
support in their position and some few denounced Gen. Carr 
for having any part in the marker or the celebration that 
they said "betokened final Confederate defeat in the great 
war." 

In the light of history, including a subsequent act by the 
Daughters of the Confederacy in their annual meeting at 
Durham, in making a pilgrimage to the site of the marker 
denoting the spot of the final end of the war, it is difficult at 
this late day to understand the deep feeling of resentment 
by the Daughters of the Confederacy toward Gen. Carr be- 
cause he did not feel he could accede to their insistent de- 
mand to withdraw from participation in the ceremony. These 
ladies did not mince words in their criticism of the head of 

[29] 



the Confederate Veterans in their condemnation. With his 
usual chivalry Gen. Carr gave ear to their request, com- 
batted their attitude, and besought them to manifest the 
spirit that Lee had illustrated. 

When his arguments did not move them the General 
said: "I can do no otherwise" and in the spirit of Lee made 
the speech of his life at the dedication of what he regarded 
as a memorial to Peace and a Reunited Country. 

General Carr was not a trained speaker, but he rose to 
the heights of eloquence that day, stimulated both by his 
devotion to the Southern Cause and his devotion to the in- 
dissoluble union of indestructible states and spurred to up- 
hold and defend the erection of the marker by the condem- 
nation of his critics. I was present (November 8, 1923) and 
can never forget or cease to admire the spirit manifested by 
Gen. Carr, the sincerity of his action and the nobility of his 
patriotism. All else — even the excellent speech of Senator 
Wheeler — has passed from my memory, but fresh in my 
mind today is how, disregarding the condemnation of these 
good women which had wounded him, he measured up fully 
to the stature of a patriot and an orator who under the fire 
of criticism caused those who heard him to thank God for 
his courage under fire. 

Let me quote the extracts, from his address though apart 
from the remarkable setting on that never-to-be-forgotten 
day they convey little of the enthusiasm their fervid utter- 
ance produced upon the hearers. In part Gen. Carr said: 

"We are one. There is no South, no North — save as 
greater luster was added to American arms by fearless heroes 
in Blue and Gray. One section responds as the other when 
the national safety is threatened. 

"The present occasion is but another evidence of the sin- 
cerity of the South's purpose to keep her pledge of devotion 
to the Union. She pledges every endeavor, every resource, 

[30] 



every life, to preserve it from danger. The South is pri- 
marily and essentially patriotic. She had no mean part in 
the founding and fashioning of this great nation. By the 
circumstances of fate when she relinquished to the North 
the government which the South had administered for 70 
years, she borrowed from the North the doctrine of secession. 
The sword having declared that doctrine heresy in Ameri- 
can politics, the South accepts its dictum as final and resumes 
her original place in the sisterhood of States. 

"A true patriot is ever a brave man, and a brave man al- 
ways has the magnanimity to forgive. Franklin said that 
there never was a good war or a bad peace. General Sher- 
man was somewhat more emphatic, though perhaps a trifle 
inelegant. Doubtless each had the same thought. Certain 
it is that war begets ill will and hatred, rancor and ani- 
mosity y while brotherhood and love, unity and cooperation 
are the children of peace. 

"How can we ask the great Keeper and Preserver of the 
universe to be with us if we keep not His injunction to love 
our enemies? Can we approach Him with hatred in our 
hearts and supplication on our lips, asking Him to forgive 
us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against 
us?' I would remind you of the fact that Gen. Joseph E. 
Johnston, who, on this spot, April 26, 1865, surrendered to 
Gen. W. T. Sherman, acted as pallbearer to both General 
Sherman and to General Grant. (General Johnston's death 
on March 21, 1891, was due to a cold brought on by ex- 
posure while acting as honorary pallbearer at General Sher- 
man's funeral.) 

"Pardon, please, a personal mention. At the unveiling of 
one of the world's greatest memorials, the splendid testi- 
monial to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, erected by a grateful nation 
at the foot of Capitol Hill in the beautiful city of Washing- 
ton, your unworthy speaker, who was invited to speak as a 

[31 1 



Confederate soldier, occupied no inconspicuous place upon 
the program and no remarks on that occasion received more 
liberal applause. 

"The memorial unveiled this day at the Bennett House 
in time will become as celebrated as the Bunker Hill Monu- 
ment, and very justly so. If there is a spot on this green 
earth where a Confederate soldier can stand, his head un- 
covered, and hear it said: 'Well done, thou good and faith- 
ful servant,' 'tis here, for the reason that for four long 
bloody years of war, half fed, and half clothed, he gave the 
best he had and all he had against a foe that outnumbered 
him more than four to one, and yet he came to this spot 
without dishonor. 

"I am speaking as a Confederate soldier who followed 
Lee to Appomattox. Please let it be clearly understood that 
I do not purpose to ask pardon for, or make apology to, any 
one for the Confederate soldier. History can be trusted to 
justify him. 

The world shall yet decide 

In truth's clear , far-off light 

That the soldiers who wore the Gray and died 

With Lee y were in the right. 

"No Confederate soldier has ever been asked to sacrifice 
the principles for which he fought. The basis of our sur- 
render was, lay down our arms, as General Lee told us in 
his Farewell at Appomattox - y to go home and make good 
citizens in peace as we had made brave soldiers in war. No 
Confederate soldier has ever surrendered nor has ever been 
asked to surrender the principles for which he fought. Over- 
whelmed in numbers, he lay down his arms and sheathed 
his sword, but he has never run away from, nor repudiated 
the principles for which he stood and for which he fought 
four long years of bloody war, and these principles today 

[32] 



rule the world and they are the foundations on which all 
civilized governments have their being — self-determination 

(State's Rights) 

"The Southern Confederacy met the inevitable in the 
spirit of General Murphy's farewell order to the men of the 
Southwest: 'Conscious that we have played our part like 
men, confident of the righteousness of our cause, without 
regret or apology for our past, without despair of the 
future.' 

"There are no words that I have been able to find in the 
vocabulary of the English language that fittingly express 
my feelings when I permit myself to speculate upon the 
glory of the story of my fellow-comrades of the storm- 
cradled republic that fell. 

"It would take a thousand volumes to record the heroic 
deeds of the Confederate soldier. In my dreams I see him 
yet, amid the flame and smoke and battle shout and sabre 
strokes and shot and shell and cannon roar and leaden hail 
and bloody bayonets, as he plants the Stars and Bars on a 
hundred fields of victory. 

O, what if half fell in the battle infernal? 
Aye, what if they lost at the end of the fray? 
Love gives them a wreath that is fadeless eternal. 
And glory envesteth the thin line of gray, 

"I sincerely desire that when my epitaph is engraved 
upon the stone that will likely mark my last resting place, 
there shall be inscribed thereon the grandly suggestive and 
impressive words, than which none import more exalted 
honor: 'He was a Confederate soldier.' 

"In conclusion, allow me again, if you please, to declare 
with all the thrill and enthusiasm which this large assem- 
blage of patriotic American citizens arouses, that this beau- 
tiful memorial is needful to call the world back to the 

[33] 



thought that the wage of battle was lost, but the principle 
for which a proud people waged that war was triumphant. 

"We lost but we won, and this memorial marks the spot 
for oncoming ages where the Confederate soldier, after 
having discharged his duties during four years of untold 
suffering and hardship, outnumbered, starved and ragged, 
found here peace with honor. 

"In closing, I take the liberty of plagiarizing Mr. Lin- 
coln's beautiful thought so timely for this occasion: 'With 
malice towards none, with charity for all, with faith in the 
right as God gives us to see the right.' 

"And now, fellow North Carolinians, this memorial is 
yours. May it stand as a witness of eternal love between 
North and South. If this stone be a marker, may it mark 
the perpetual banishment of the prejudices of war from the 
hearts of a reunited people. If it be a monument, may it 
perpetuate this sentiment: the men of the South salute the 
Stars and Stripes as the emblem of Sovereign States, united 
forever, one country under one flag, cemented by the blood 
of our brothers and sanctified to each other by memories of 
the past. 

"For one I would salute the day when 'Old Glory' floats 
from the Isthmus of Panama to the North Pole." 

At another and upon a larger theatre General Carr dem- 
onstrated the loyalty of the Confederate soldier to the flag 
of a reunited republic that won approval from the Great 
Lakes to the Gulf. 

The dedication (April 27, 1922) of the monument in the 
national capital to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was an event dis- 
tinguished by the presence of the fighting men of the sixties 
and the great of the republic. The monument was presented 
by Secretary of War John W. Weeks, and accepted by Presi- 
dent Calvin Coolidge. They made the principal addresses. 
But the speech of the occasion was made by Gen. Julian S. 

[34] 



Carr, Commander of the United Confederate Veterans. He 
was a member of the committee, marched with Confederate 
veterans, after which the officers of the GAR conducted the 
dedicatory ceremony and it was formally dedicated by Gen- 
eral Pershing. Although not listed as one of the principal 
speakers on the program for an address, immaculate in the 
uniform of a Confederate general, Julian S. Carr spoke on 
behalf of the men in gray who had fought against Grant in 
the war of brothers. His speech was impromptu, and no 
record of it is preserved, but his ringing words of patriotic 
fervor of devotion to the great republic, loved alike in the 
South and North, quoting Lee's tribute to Grant's "mag- 
nanimity" stirred the hearts of the great assembly. General 
Carr "stole the show." The dedicatory exercises had an- 
other North Carolina angle. The United States officer who 
directed the exercises, Col. Clarence Sherrill, was the son of 
Capt. M. O. Sherrill, State librarian, who to his death car- 
ried wounds received while a soldier in the Confederate 
Army. 

Let me relate one incident that is illustrative of many 
which were never widely known, of which I chanced to be 
a party. It makes clearer the generous deeds of Gen. Carr 
better than any attempt at appraisement, particularly his 
devotion to men who wore the gray and to giving a helping 
hand to youth. When the gallant Capt. Randolph A. Shot- 
well, Confederate soldier who suffered beyond most of his 
comrades, established a paper in Raleigh, he found rough 
sledding to make both ends meet. Gen. Carr was one of the 
first subscribers to his Farmer and Mechanic and frequently 
dropped into his office to pay respects to his old comrade 
in arms and to assure him of his readiness to help him if 
and when it would be acceptable. The years passed on and 
in the early part of 1885 Capt. Shotwell, who in the mean- 
time had been put in a better financial position by election 

[35] 



as State Librarian, made a new venture. He arranged a con- 
solidation of his paper with the State Chronicle, which had 
been established in Raleigh by Walter H. Page, who had 
turned the paper over to others when offered an attractive 
position on a Brooklyn daily paper. Neither ShotwelPs 
paper nor Page's had been a financial success. Capt. Shot- 
well felt that the consolidation presaged better days, par- 
ticularly since his election as State Librarian brought him a 
certain income. But shortly he fell ill and died. A monu- 
ment marks his resting place in Oakwood Cemetery erected 
by admiring friends including Gen. Carr. 

I had long hoped to publish a paper at the State Capital, 
but it seemed a dream beyond possible realization. With 
the passing of Capt. Shotwell, I aspired to gain control of 
the consolidated paper. He was unmarried and had no 
heirs. In the hope a way might be opened, I went to Raleigh 
to look into the situation. Upon my arrival I learned from 
the lawyer who had drawn up the legal papers effecting the 
consolidation that a majority of the stock belonged to Gen. 
Carr. Nothing daunted, I journeyed to Durham and called 
on Gen. Carr to learn what disposition he expected to make 
of his controlling interest in the corporation. His reply to 
the inquiry was: "I do not own the State Chronicle or any 
other paper." When I told him I had been shown the stock 
book of the corporation and it was recorded that he was the 
owner of the controlling interest, he said: "There must be 
some mistake." But he sent for one of his staff, Mr. H. N. 
Snow, and asked: "Do I own any stock in the State Chron- 
icle?" Mr., Snow did not know, but after looking through 
Mr. Carr's securities, he returned with the information that 
I was correct and that a few days after the consolidation of 
the two papers, Capt. Shotwell had caused the stock to be 
put in the name of Gen. Carr as security for loans made 
from time to time. Gen. Carr then said, "I knew that Shot- 

[36] 



well was finding the going hard to make both ends meet 
and I volunteered to let him have money if he ever needed 
it. Occasionally I sent him $50 or $1 00 which I considered 
a gift. However, it seems that Capt. Shotwell, a proud 
man, was so meticulous that he always sent his note in due 
form for all the advances. And now I see that when he 
effected the consolidation, he put the majority of the stock 
in my name. I did not desire any repayment and am sur- 
prised that I own the paper." 

I told him that the reason I had come to see him was 
because I would like to become editor of the paper. 

"Do you think you could make it pay, seeing that neither 
Page nor Shotwell could keep it out of the red?" 

My reply was that I would not want the paper if I did 
not think that I could make a go of it — that I was unmar- 
ried and could live on very little and could do all the work. 
He evidently liked my reply, and said: "I like your spirit," 
and quoted: 

He either fears his fate too much 
Or his deserts are small. 
Who fears to fut it to the touch 
And win or lose it all. 

In that Shotwell transaction was demonstrated two of 
Gen. Carr's master passions — devotion to the men who wore 
the gray and to giving a helping hand to youth. He told 
me that he would let me have the paper and if ever I made 
any money out of the venture, I could pay him whatever I 
thought right. The going wasn't as easy as I had antici- 
pated, but living on less than $30 a month, the time came 
when I paid him $1,000, which he said was $1,000 more 
than he ever expected to receive. 

That was only the beginning. When hard times came 
in 1894 and the News and Observer was for sale at auction, 

[37] 



he asked me if I still desired to own it. He knew I had 
tried earlier to acquire it and he had offered to let me have 
the money. I was eager to make the try, having unsuccess- 
fully made a venture in that direction the year before when 
it was demonstrated that two dailies in Raleigh could not 
make expenses. "All right," he said, "I will back you up 
to the limit with needed finances," which he did. 

That was another rocky road and for two or three years 
it looked like success was beyond my grasp. But the tide 
turned and in ten years I repaid the loan that he never 
asked for, interest or principal. He took the deepest in- 
terest in the paper, drawing with his own hands the heading 
of the paper which was ornate and had true Tar Heel flavor. 
More than that — when upon occasion the paper took posi- 
tions on public questions contrary to the views of the Gen- 
eral, he never sought to influence its position, rejoicing in 
its independence and crusading spirit. 

If you wish to know the true inwardness of any man, 
there are two never failing tests. You cannot judge by 
what professions he makes or what course of action he pur- 
sues. Professions may not be sincere or may be made to 
curry favor, and actions may be prompted by selfish aims. 
You must go deeper. Learn what a man's enthusiasms are 
and what inspires his loyalty. These two are invariable 
guide-posts to his heart's desire. 

Enthusiasms are not affected or promoted by self-inter- 
est. They are the spontaneous expression of the inner being. 
They may be said to be a state of impassioned emotion, 
strong excitement or feeling in behalf of a cause accompanied 
by fervor. There is a tendency to underestimate emotion, 
but without emotion there is no true love, no joy in religion, 
no uplift of spirit. Gen. Carr let his emotions have complete 
sway. He could lose himself in rooting for his favorite ball 
team, fighting for the success of his candidate, whooping 

[38] 



it up for town expansion, advancing the ambition of a friend, 
or working for a cause in which he had embarked. Enthusi- 
asm with him was the expression of a warm heart and deep 
interest without calculation or capitulation. It was good to 
see the pride in his eye or to feel the glow that was irradiated 
when his enthusiasm was kindled and given full play. En- 
thusiasms spring up like fresh water from a God-made 
spring and are as refreshing as they transport a man out of 
himself or his private ends. 

Loyalties also come from the heart but have more to 
do with convictions and devotion to principles. We say a 
man has enthusiasm for victory for his college team, or for 
his party candidates or some game or contest. Loyalty is the 
word most often given to devotion to a religious or political 
creed, to something great as in Gen. Carr's loyalty to the 
Confederate soldier, to his State, to his religious principles 
to which he had given his wholehearted allegiance. I would 
not dare enumerate or assess his loyalties, another term for 
fidelity, constancy or allegiance. From boyhood until the 
end, Gen. Carr gave devoted loyalty to his Church. It was 
a loyalty based on faith in the Christian religion and the 
church of his fathers. He respected like loyalty by others 
in their church, but nothing could lessen his devotion to his 
own religious home. And there were times that tested his 
unswerving loyalty. 

May I relate an incident that, though unimportant, is 
illustrative. He was a life-long trustee and member of the 
executive board of his Alma Mater, the University of North 
Carolina. He was equally loyal to the Chapel Hill Meth- 
odist Church. Which would command superior loyalty if 
there should arise conflict? I saw it put to the test. I have 
forgotten all the facts, but in a matter relating to an exchange 
of land in building the new Methodist Church abutting on 
the campus at Chapel Hill, some of the trustees made a 

[39] 



proposal as to land which Gen. Carr thought was not fair 
to the church. He thought the campus was favored too 
much. After discussion, it was proposed that a committee 
of three be appointed to look into the matter and bring in a 
recommendation at a future meeting. Without thinking of 
church affiliation, the chairman appointed the committee ; 
whereupon Gen. Carr defiantly challenged the composition 
of the committee, declaring, "It is not a fair committee. 
There is not a single Methodist on the committee." There 
was a tense moment which was relieved when, rather jest- 
ingly, I proposed that the chairman name as members of 
the committee Gen. Carr, Dr. E. C. Brooks and myself, all 
Methodists. 

Gen. Carr truly incarnated this true description of man- 
kind given by Daniel Webster: 

"Human beings are composed not of reason only but 
of sentiment also and imagination, and that is neither 
wasted nor misapplied which ministers to and nurtures 
those profound characteristics of humanity when di- 
rected to wholesome goals." 

Rip Van Winkle said, "How soon we are forgot! " With 
the passing from life's stage even the greatest of men are 
seldom held in remembrance for long. It is only the few 
world-wide figures who have a place in memory or in his- 
tory. Rarely is the life of a private citizen commemorated 
a quarter of a century after his death as we are the hundredth 
anniversary of the golden-hearted gentleman whose deeds 
"smell sweet and blossom in their dust." I recall no such 
honor in the annals of our commonwealth as by resolution 
of the General Assembly of North Carolina the people are 
recognizing in a signal way the debt they owe to Gen. Carr. 
He had never held high office or commanded victorious 
armies. His victories were in the field of industry, public 

[40] 



service, neighborliness, and philanthropy. In the Gover- 
nor's proclamation these virtues are summarized. Let them 
be perpetuated for the emulation of those privileged in his 
life to be cheered by his personal charm and friendliness and 
by those who come after them for generations to come. 
These lines by Leigh Hunt might well have been written 
of the golden-hearted gentleman whose memory still in- 
spires the highest virtues: 

Abou Ben Ad hem — may his tribe increase — 

Awoke one night from a deep dream of peace, 

And saw within the moonlight in his room, 

Making it rich and like a lily in bloom, 

An angel writing in a book of gold. 

Exceeding peace had made Ben Adhem bold, 

And to the presence in the room he said: 

"What writes t thou?" The vision raised its head, 

And with a look made all of sweet accord, 

Answered: "The names of those who love the Lord." 

"And is mine one?" said Abou. . "Nay not so," 

Replied the angel. Abou spoke more low, 

But cheerly still; and said: "I pray thee, then, 

Write me as one that loves his fellow-men." 

The angel wrote, and vanished. The next night 

It came again with a great wakening light, 

And shewed the names whom love of God had blessed, 

And lo! Ben Adhem y s name led all the rest. 



[41 J 



General Carr 

Friend of the Church 

BY WILLIAM B. UMSTEAD 

LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, we are met in this beau- 
J tiful auditorium, in this quiet, holy place, to do honor 
to the memory of Julian S. Carr on the occasion of the one 
hundredth anniversary of his birth. It has been said, that 
"A memorial service has a universal appeal because it is 
genuinely unselfish and generous. It is born of the sweetest 
and finest sentiments of the human heart. It evokes none 
but the tenderest and most uplifting emotions - y it plays upon 
the strings of the soul and brings forth a melody of tender- 
ness, love and inspiration, which wafts its way through time 
and space, from the physical to the spiritual, and becomes a 
part of the inner shrine of all those who thoughtfully par- 
ticipate in the service." 

General Julian S. Carr was born in Chapel Hill, at- 
tended the University of North Carolina, served in the 
Confederate Army, came to Durham in 1870. When he 
came here the Southland was in chaos. Without money, 
without industry, with but little educational facilities, the 
young men of that day faced a reconversion problem which 
to them was possibly as serious as that which we face today. 
Rooted and grounded in the philosophy of work, imbued 
with the idea that a young man could do what he wanted to 
do if he tried hard enough, he came here and faced the 
future. He became one of the leading business men of his 
day. The diversification of his interests is probably without 
parallel in this Commonwealth. 

[42] 



At Trinity Church. Honorable William B. Umstead, speaking. 



The South at that time depended largely upon agricul- 
ture for its existence. General Carr believed in improve- 
ment in agriculture. He bought a farm and had it culti- 
vated. He gave his aid to all those who sought to improve 
the agricultural interests of this State. 

It would require more time than is allotted to this pro- 
gram to do justice to what he did for North Carolina and 
the South in the field of education. Suffice it to say, that he, 
with others, helped to create and then to save a public school 
system in the City of Durham. He and others helped save 
the Methodist College for Women in Greensboro. He and 
others first helped save, and then moved to this City, Trinity 
College, the illustrious parent of Duke University. 

He was born and reared under the shadow and influence 
of the University of North Carolina. Perhaps it was there 
and then that, as a young man, influenced by that Institution 
and its spirit of Liberty and Freedom, that he saw visions, 
and in his last years walked back amid the shadows of that 
ancient Institution and dreamed his dreams. He loved the 
University with a passionate devotion, contributed freely to 
its maintenance, built the dormitory which bears his name, 
served on its Board of Trustees, and until the end of his 
life, supported it with intense loyalty. 

I said he served in the Confederate Army. He did, as 
a private. After the war was over, there was no Veterans' 
Administration in North Carolina. There was no organiza- 
tion to help the men who wore the Gray. This State was 
able to do but little for them. General Carr was literally 
a Veterans' Service Office for t^ose with whom he had 
served. He helped them, encouraged them, pointed the 
way, sent them to the Confederate Reunions, and never 
turned away one who wore the Gray. He was honored by 
the Organization of Confederate Veterans in many ways, and 
before his death he was made Commander-in-Chief of the 

[43] 



United Confederate Veterans. He wore his Confederate 
uniform with great dignity and charm. He fought for the 
South and loved it 3 he also loved his united country. He 
carried no bitterness in his heart. He followed Lee during 
the war, and followed his advice during the years of re- 
construction. 

In politics he was a Liberal, a Liberal in the days when 
such men were rare. He supported the Democratic Party 
because he found in it something of the liberal philosophy 
in which he believed. He was many times honored by his 
Party, and was always faithful to it. 

Next to his activities as a Confederate Veteran, General 
Julian S. Carr was perhaps best known as a churchman. In 
a little building on this spot he was married in 1873 to Miss 
Nannie Graham Parrish, whose charm and grace affected 
General Carr's life for more than forty years. He was a 
member of Trinity Church from a short time after he came 
to Durham until his death. At some time a member of the 
Board of Stewards, Chairman of the Board of Stewards, a 
member and Chairman of the Board of Trustees, teacher of 
the Men's Bible Class, representative to the North Carolina 
Conference, and representative of the North Carolina Con- 
ference to the General Conference. He was widely known 
as "The Ambassador of Trinity Church." Here his children 
joined the Church. Here his wife and children worshipped 
with him. He came here, to this Church, to admit his weak- 
ness and to renew his strength. 

It is fitting, therefore, that this memorial service be held 
in this auditorium, on ground that was so dear to the man 
whose life we honor today. He was not merely a friend of 
the Church ; he was a part of the Church, and not of this 
Church alone, but of many, perhaps hundreds, of Churches. 
Not only Methodist Churches, but Churches of all denom- 
inations, came to him for assistance and received it, gener- 

[44] 



ously, regularly. In the eastern part of this City he helped 
establish the Church which today bears his name. It is said 
of him that on one occasion he went to Carr Church to 
attend a revival service. The revival services had been 
planned for one week, but because of General Carr's tre- 
mendous interest and enthusiasm, it continued for four weeks 
longer. Such was the capacity of the man to influence others 
by his interest in all things in which he participated. It was 
to the Church, I think, that he and all other men who have 
accomplished great things have gone in the past and will go 
in the future to seek and to receive spiritual inspiration, 
without which, in my judgment, no man comes to true 
greatness. 

Phillip Brooks once said that "No man has come to true 
greatness who has not felt in some degree that his life be- 
longs to his race, and that what God gives him, he gives him 
for mankind." Apparently General Carr well understood 
this profound doctrine and followed it throughout his career. 
It was his "way of life." At one time he was a very wealthy 
man j yet he did not love money or covet riches. He seemed 
to desire to make money, only for the good he could do 
with it, by building the community and the State and by 
ministering to others. Unselfish, kind, and generous, al- 
ways sympathetic to human suffering and misfortune, and 
responsive to all worthy requests affecting human needs and 
human rights, he gave away a fortune prior to his death 
(or rather, I should say he invested it in mankind). Because 
of this, he had no great estate to leave when he died; how- 
ever, he left to his family, his friends, and to posterity, a 
priceless heritage of useful service seldom equalled and not 
surpassed in our Commonwealth. 

It has been written that "When the one Great Scorer 
comes to write against your name, He will write not whether 
you won or lost, but how you played the game." General 

[45] 



Carr played well the game of living. He ran life's race 
like the thoroughbred which he was, and until the end was 
vitally interested in every worth-while endeavor. Full of 
sympathy, he possessed a passionate love for his fellow-man. 
Perhaps his outstanding characteristic, next to his courtly 
manner, was his love for people. His boundless love liter- 
ally overflowed into the lives of others. "Love grows as it 
flows," and the more he did for others, the richer his life 
became. The radiance of his dynamic and magnetic per- 
sonality was, no doubt, the reflection of his love for people 
and his kindness to them. He placed his hand upon the 
head of a Chinese boy and opened his purse to him; and 
that boy and his family have greatly influenced China, a 
nation of four hundred thousand people, for nearly half a 
century. A young newspaperman, ambitious but without re- 
sources, went to General Carr. He made it possible for the 
young man to become the owner of a great newspaper. For 
more than fifty years that newspaper has vitally affected this 
Commonwealth and has literally become a North Carolina 
institution. Young men seeking an education went to him 
and obtained the means of going to school. A Negro wished 
to establish a business ; General Carr helped him, and today 
it is one of the largest Negro institutions in the world. Other 
groups of Negroes wished to build a church. General Carr 
helped them build a church. 

When people were suffering, he relieved their suffering, 
if he knew of it. When I was a boy, my Father told me 
that in the Eighties there was a deep snow in Durham. 
General Carr instructed his wagon drivers to go to his coal 
bins at the Bull Factory and deliver coal until every poor 
family in Durham had coal. 

He knew no class, no race, no religious denominations 
when it came to extending his great love and help to other 
people. 

[46] 



When he died in 1924, the newspapers of that day stated 
that more than twenty thousand people came to the funeral 
and went to the cemetery to pay their respects to this man. 

From all over the country, expressions of regret and sym- 
pathy poured in to the members of his family ; rich people 
and poor people, people in low places and in high places, 
realized that North Carolina on that day lost its outstanding 
citizen. 

The newspapers of North Carolina and other places in 
the land wrote editorials about his life, some of which were 
entitled, "Courtliest Gentleman in the South"; "Loyalty to 
Friends"; "Few So Greatly Beloved"; "Patron of Educa- 
tion"; "True Southern Gentleman"; "Long a Public Serv- 
ant"; "A Glorious Spirit"; "Foremost Citizen of North 
Carolina"; "Golden Hearted Gentleman." 

Today, this land of ours faces another reconversion pe- 
riod. The problems are serious and severe. The world is 
in chaos. The question is, Will civilized people be able to 
establish peace in a world of conflict and selfishness, or will 
they permit another war to destroy civilization? 

In 1870, General Carr and other men in the South faced 
a dark problem. Could they build here, in this Southland, 
something of a new, something of a better, civilization? In 
solving that problem, he and others were not content to be 
blocked by difficult problems and dead-end streets. Some- 
how they were able to find an open door, through which they 
could pass to a brighter day. We who are here today, and 
people of this and all nations, must find some way to build 
a better world and preserve civilization. General Carr did 
more than build industries, banks, transportation systems, 
educational institutions, and churches. He built something 
finer than all these, a structure of spiritual faith, courage, 
and hope which will continue to abide. He made a perma- 
nent contribution to the heritage of all mankind. 

[47] 



General Carr was a gentleman of the first order, a suc- 
cessful business man, a courageous soldier, a generous philan- 
thropist, a churchman without hypocrisy, a kind, energetic, 
radiant personality, and a golden-hearted friend of mankind. 

In this aftermath of war, when the problems of peace 
are so pressing and severe, let us face the future as General 
Carr did in 1870, confident in the faith that the omnipotent 
power of the Supreme Judge of the World has not changed, 
and that it still guides the destinies of man; that there is no 
substitute for religious faith and spiritual values in the af- 
fairs of men and nations; that there is no substitute for 
rugged honesty and honest toil 3 and finally, let us have faith 
that peace, so difficult to obtain, can and will, in the fullness 
of time, and by the application of the philosophy of love, 
become a reality. 



[48] 



General Carr 



Industrialist 

BY ROBERT L. LINDSEY 

I COUNT IT a privilege to join in paying tribute to 
General Julian S. Carr, Durham's Great Builder and 
Citizen — particularly with regard to his influence on indus- 
try. As Paul said of Tarsus, Durham is no mean City and 
General Carr was one of its noble citizens. 

Of this hundredth anniversary of his birth, twenty-one 
years after his death, I appear merely in a sincere effort to 
pay simple and loving tribute to the memory of one of the 
greatest industrial builders of Durham. 

I was privileged to serve him, directly and indirectly, 
from early 1895 until December, 1913, first as private secre- 
tary, then as the manager of his electric lighting company and 
later of the Durham Traction Company in which he held 
one-fourth of the capital stock ; and therefore, I feel that I 
am in a position to know first hand his love for his home 
town, and the joy he had in contributing his best thought, 
intelligent effort, and money toward anything that would 
strengthen and build our city. 

Julian S. Carr came to Durham in 18 70 as a partner of 
W. T. Blackwell and James R. Day in the Blackwell-Dur- 
ham Tobacco Company in which his father, John Wesley 
Carr of Chapel Hill, had purchased for him a one-third 
interest for $4,000. Although only twenty-five years of age, 
what he lacked in age, and in manufacturing and merchan- 

[49] 



dising experience, he made up for in intelligence, determina- 
tion and energy. 

Entering the tobacco business in this small town of only 
a few hundred inhabitants, at a time when the South was 
desolated by the ravages of the Civil War, which had ended 
only five short years previously, and even worse devastated 
by the dire effects of Reconstruction which still hovered over 
his beloved State, and with the South to be rebuilt, he must 
have felt here a challenge to his courage. But he realized 
all these things, and went to work with vision and enthusi- 
asm. And he won! 

Mr. Carr assumed the financial and marketing activities 
of the Blackwell-Durham Tobacco Company, and his ag- 
gressive and intelligent handling of the business, made it 
for many years the leading industry of Durham. His de- 
velopment of this company was an accomplishment to which 
any man could point with pride. 

Mr. Carr early in his career learned the value of pub- 
licity, and was among the first of national advertisers. 

The widespread recognition of the fine quality of this 
brand of tobacco, resulted in an award by the Philadelphia 
Centennial Exposition in 1876, of a Gold Medal and Cer- 
tificate of Merit to "Bull Durham Tobacco." 

Notable smokers the country over gladly permitted pub- 
lication of their testimonials. 

When Anne Thackeray called on Alfred Lord Tenny- 
son, poet laureate of England, she found him peacefully 
smoking "Bull Durham" with which he had become ac- 
quainted through James Russell Lowell, the American poet 
and man of letters. Thomas Carlyle also used "Bull Dur- 
ham." I believe it is safe to say that Durham first broke 
into the world of art and letters through its tobacco. And 
the time soon came, when the Bull was painted on signs 
throughout the land. The Old World was also invaded — 

[50] 



not only Europe, but also the Orient — and the Bull was 
once to be seen on the pyramids of Egypt. The chief deco- 
rator in charge of the designs for this campaign was J. Gil- 
mer Koerner of Koernersville, N. C, who painted under 
the non-de-plume of "Reuben Rink"; his were the sketches 
that first made "Durham Renowned the World Around." 

While putting his tobacco company on a profitable and 
growing basis, Mr. Carr took a leading interest in the de- 
velopment of many other industries, all of which contributed 
their respective parts to the building of the town. 

In the early days of his tobacco manufacturing experi- 
ence he realized the need for cloth for tobacco pouches. 
Against the advice of friends, he organized the Durham Cot- 
ton Manufacturing Company in East Durham around 1885, 
and provided the majority of the capital, the Odells of 
Greensboro, N. C, supplying the balance. This company 
later developed many other types of cloth manufacture. 
Thus Mr. Carr gave Durham its first textile industry. 

He also organized and owned the Golden Belt Manu- 
facturing Company. For many years it made the tobacco 
pouches for his company, and for practically all the other 
granulated tobacco manufacturers throughout the country. 
The Golden Belt Manufacturing Company today is one of 
the bases of Durham's wealth and stability. 

Beginning 1870 with his initial investment of $4,000 in 
a $12,000 concern, it is interesting to note that by 1898 — a 
period of twenty-eight years — the Blackwell-Durham To- 
bacco Company had grown in size to one with resources ex- 
ceeding $4,000,000. 

After selling his tobacco company in 1898 and the 
Golden Belt Manufacturing Company a year or so later, he 
organized and built the Durham Hosiery Mills with plants 
at Durham, Carrboro, Mebane, High Point and Goldsboro, 

[so 



the products of which are well known throughout the 
country. 

On December 6, 1887, having felt the community's need 
for banking facilities, he organized and opened the First 
National Bank and directed it until his death in 1924. He 
was also influential in the organization of the Fidelity Trust 
and Savings Bank in 1887 (now the Fidelity Bank) and of 
the Citizens Savings Bank: (now The Home Savings Bank) 
and he organized the Morris Plan Industrial Bank about 
1 915. He was chairman of the board of the North Caro- 
lina Joint Stock and Land Bank of Durham, an institution of 
$16,000,000 resources, organized in 1922 for the purpose 
of making loans to farmers. Also, he was an organizer and 
first president of the Bank of Chapel Hill. 

In the early '8o's Mr. Carr built the Claiborne Hotel on 
South Corcoran Street j and, in the early '90's, he built the 
Carolina Hotel on Peabody Street, between Corcoran and 
Mangum Streets, overlooking the railroad and passenger 
station, a commodious and beautiful structure for that time. 
In 1906 it was burned. 

Mr. Carr was one of the organizers and builders of the 
Durham-Roxboro Railroad, which was later extended to 
Lynchburg and sold to the Norfolk and Western Railway 
Company. 

About 1886, with George W. Watts and Eugene More- 
head, he organized and operated the Durham Electric Light- 
ing Company, until he sold it in 1901 to the Durham Trac- 
tion Company, a new corporation, and of the new organiza- 
tion he took one-fourth of the corporate stock, which he 
held until its sale in 191 2. 

Mr. Carr was also one of the organizers and owners of 
the Interstate Telephone and Telegraph Company, which 
he with a few friends controlled and operated until about 
1 9 13 when it was purchased by the late R. H. Wright, and 

[52] 



which is being operated today as the Durham Telephone 
Company. 

He organized the Carolina Roller Mills, now the Austin- 
Heaton Company, which is one of the stable industries of 
our city. 

In the early days of Durham the newspaper business 
was an uncertain venture, and to keep its main paper run- 
ning he purchased, in 1886, the Tobacco Plant y a weekly, 
and made a daily of it, which he operated until 1892. 

This is a wonderful record of achievements, equaled by 
few other men of his day or of any other day. It indicates 
marvelous powers of organization and success in dealing with 
other men. Among his notable accomplishments, proving 
his vast influence on industry in our State, there is also to be 
recognized his influence on young men, who, being associated 
with him, were touched by his genius in industry. 

Durham is known as the City of Industry and Educa- 
tion. The man whose initiative made such a slogan possible 
was Julian S. Carr. 



[53] 



General Carr 



Greathearted Citizen 

BY R. GREGG CHERRY 

Governor of North Carolina 

OCTOBER 12, 1945, marks a Red Letter Day in the 
City of Durham and North Carolina. Throughout the 
day in the several gatherings, the citizenship of Durham, 
assisted by people throughout North Carolina and many 
other States, have gathered to pay tribute and sincere respect 
to the memory of Julian S. Carr, one of the truly great 
citizens of our State and the Nation. 

Respect and admiration for his sterling and exemplary 
attributes of citizenship have gone beyond the bounds of a 
single community and found lodgment in the hearts of the 
grateful people wherever he visited and wherever he was 
known. 

At the time of his birth and in the years that followed, 
the attributes of his character were formed in a manner that, 
in the language of the poet, "the hands of the potter did not 
shake." 

For the contribution he made to the progress of educa- 
tion, religion, industry and agriculture in North Carolina, 
we shall always be in debt for his achievement and to his 
memory. 

It is eminently fitting that on this occasion those in charge 
of arrangements to pay tribute to General Carr should have 
chosen one from the Far East, a land for which he held a 
warm affection. So tonight as our guest speaker, we have 

[54] 



one who was once the head of China Training School near 
Nanking. This distinguished gentleman has studied at 
George Peabody College in Nashville, Tennessee, and Co- 
lumbia University in New York. As a culmination of his 
training, our guest speaker served to develop and enrich the 
friendly relations between China and the United States. As 
a lecturer and traveller, he has achieved much toward a 
better understanding between such nations. At present, he 
is the Director of the Speaker's Bureau of the Chinese News 
Service. This fine community of Durham and all North 
Carolina welcome him upon this occasion. I am happy to 
present Dr. Bangnee Alfred Liu, who will speak to you 
upon the topic "China's Role in the Postwar World." 



[55] 



China's Role in the Postwar World 



BY BANGNEE LIU 

I DEEM it a great honor and privilege to add my tribute 
to the memory of General Julian S. Carr, a great citizen 
of Durham, of North Carolina, and may I add, a great citi- 
zen of the world. 

It is perhaps more than mere coincidence that this cele- 
bration of General Carr's anniversary follows so closely an- 
other anniversary celebration widely observed by the peoples 
of our two nations in the last few days. On October 10, 
191 1, the infant Republic of China was born in the throes 
of an historic revolution in which General Carr was also a 
sympathetic if somewhat remote participant. For, in be- 
friending Charlie Soong, a homeless Chinese boy in this 
country, and helping toward his education, General Carr 
made his contribution to the cause of the Chinese revolution 
in which the Soong family have played a prominent part. 

It would be appropriate, therefore, for us on this occa- 
sion to recall the basic aims of that revolutionary movement, 
led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen and carried on by his followers in- 
cluding Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and the sisters of the 
Soong family and their brothers. These aims are sum- 
marized in the Three Principles of the People, which may 
be roughly paraphrased as National Independence, Political 
Democracy, and the People's Livelihood. Together these 
constitute a statement of objectives and program of the 
Chinese revolution which it would be worth while for our 
American friends to consider in appraising China's role in 
the postwar world. 

[56] 



The principle of National Independence calls for the es- 
tablishment of a free and independent China, that is, a China 
freed both from autocratic rule within the country and for- 
eign domination and aggression from without. The revolu- 
tion had brought about the downfall of the Manchu mon- 
archy, and our recent war of resistance against Japan has 
resulted in the removal of the threat of Japanese domination 
and aggression. At the same time, the United States and 
British governments have taken the lead in abolishing the 
century-old system of extra-territoriality with all its restric- 
tions on China's sovereignty and independence. To the ex- 
tent that China can henceforth maintain her position of 
freedom and equality in the world community of nations, it 
may be said that the first objective of the Chinese revolution 
has at last been achieved. 

The principle of Political Democracy requires the pro- 
gressive development of a democratic system of government 
for China, combining the best elements of democracy in the 
experiences of western countries and of the Chinese nation. 
Within the next few months we expect to see the convening 
of a national assembly for the adoption of a constitution which 
is to form the basis of representative government in China. 
In this sense, it may be said that the second objective of the 
Chinese revolution is within reach in the very near future, 
at least in the first steps toward the establishment of a demo- 
cratic constitutional government for China. 

As to the third objective, the improvement of the peo- 
ple's livelihood, this will require a long-range program of 
agricultural improvement and industrialization which may 
occupy the Chinese people for the next 25 or 50 years. We 
have on the one hand the benefit of the experience of west- 
ern countries far advanced in industrial development, such 
as the United States, and on the other hand the inspiring 
example of the Russian people who have accomplished a 

[57] 



high degree of industrialization since the Soviet revolution. 
China has the material and human resources for the develop- 
ment of an industrial economy and the improvement of her 
people's livelihood, provided she can have the necessary pe- 
riod of general peace and security prerequisite to such de- 
velopment. 

Once these objectives are realized and a new Chinese 
nation emerges free, democratic, and prosperous, she will be 
qualified to take her place as an equal partner among the 
nations working for the maintenance of peace and security 
throughout the world. China's contributions to world peace 
will not primarily be in the areas of military force or eco- 
nomic leadership. Such contributions must be forthcoming 
from the nations preeminent today in military and economic 
power, among which the United States obviously occupies 
first place. But it will take more than power and money to 
keep the nations at peace and to prevent another world con- 
flict. It will also take moral force and the rule of law which 
already form the basis of peaceful society within national 
boundaries. It is in this latter realm that China will make 
her chief contributions to international peace and world se- 
curity. 

For example, take the Chinese tradition of peaceful 
settlement of disputes which is followed by millions of peo- 
ple in daily tea-house sessions throughout the land. The 
tea-house is a unique and ubiquitous institution long estab- 
lished in all the villages and cities of China. It serves as 
a community center not only for the enjoyment of a na- 
tional beverage but also for the exchange of local news, 
transaction of business, and other activities in the way of 
entertainment and popular education. 

Another important function of the tea-house is to pro- 
vide a place where the citizens of the community can gather 
to help settle any quarrels and disputes arising in their midst. 

[58] 



The usual procedure starts with the parties to a dispute 
agreeing to meet in the tea-house and submit their quarrel 
to the jury of public opinion and general mediation by the 
community at large. On the appointed day, the tea-house 
would be filled by the parties involved in the dispute to- 
gether with their friends and neighbors and anyone else who 
might be interested. After hearing the arguments from both 
sides and the free expressions of opinion from all and sun- 
dry, an individual is generally chosen as mediator and arbi- 
trator on behalf of the public. His recommendations for a 
peaceful settlement have no legal force nor are they com- 
pulsory, yet they are generally accepted and carried out by 
the parties concerned. Such is the force of this tradition 
that the practice of tea-house settlements has become quite 
universal in China with the result that the majority of civil 
disputes are thereby kept out of the law courts. 

The Chinese people in their simple naivete have even 
tried to carry this tea-house tradition into the field of inter- 
national relationships. When Japan first invaded Chinese 
territory in 193 1, the Chinese government, even then under 
the leadership of Chiang Kai-shek, ordered the withdrawal 
of Chinese forces from contact with the invaders while at 
the same time instructing its delegates to present its case be- 
fore the assembly of the League of Nations. In other words, 
the Chinese people were ready to consider the League of 
Nations as a sort of international tea-house where disputes 
among nations could be settled without resort to war. The 
failure of the League to serve this function was probably 
the principle cause of its demise. 

Yet the Chinese people have not lost faith either in the 
principle of peaceful settlement of international disputes or 
in the possibility of an international tea-house wherein such 
settlements can be brought about. That is why the Chinese 
delegation at the San Francisco Conference consistently stood 

[59] 



for the inclusion of such a principle in the Charter of the 
United Nations and the establishment of international ma- 
chinery for the accomplishment of such a purpose. It is 
now the hope of the Chinese people that this principle may 
at last be recognized and adopted in the relations among 
peace-loving nations. 

Without claiming any exclusive patents to any of these 
ideas, I might mention such other Chinese traditions as the 
attitude of religious tolerance, the ideal of racial harmony, 
and the principle of international cooperation. These may 
seem to be mere generalities in the realm of ideas, yet they 
are nevertheless essential for the maintenance of world 
peace. If China can make no more than such contributions 
in the realm of moral ideas, it is my opinion that she will 
deserve a place in the highest councils of the international 
organization. It is to be hoped that every other member of 
the world organization will make its respective contributions 
consonant with its own peace-loving traditions. 



L6o | 



General Garr and the Education 
of Charlie Soong 

BY COSTEN J. HARRELL 

Bishop of the Methodist Church 

(Editor's note: Dr. Costen J. Harrell, author of this article, is a 
Methodist Bishop. In young manhood , he was secretary to Gen. 
Julian S. Carr, who financed the American education of Charles 
Jones Soong, father of T. V. Soong, Mme. Chiang Kai-shek, Mme. 
Sun Yat-sen, and Mme. H. H. Hunt. The article by Dr. Harrell 
was reprinted in the News and Observer , Oct. 14, 1945, from The 
World Outlook. Dr. Harrell had accepted an invitation to be in 
Durham for General Julian S. Carr Day and participate in the 
program. He was prevented by illness from being present.) 

IN MARCH of 1943, a short while after Madame Chiang 
Kai-shek addressed the American people from Washing- 
ton and won the hearts of all who heard her, there was a 
little meeting, significant though unheralded, in a New 
York hotel. The First Lady of China had paused in the 
midst of many exacting duties to receive in her apartment 
the two surviving children of her father's "great, good 
friend" and benefactor, General Julian S. Carr of North 
Carolina. 

The bonds that had united two men in a noble friend- 
ship had a generation later brought their children together. 
"We loved your father during the years that he lived with 
us, and because of this we love you, and feel that you are 
one of our own," said one of the visitors to Mme. Chiang. 
To these cordial words she replied, "This is something for 
me to cherish and prize, as I certainly will do, and I thank 
you for saying it to me." The story of General Carr and 

[61] 



"Charlie Soong," as he was known among his hundreds of 
American friends, is one of the romances of modern Chris- 
tianity. 

Charles Jones Soong was the father of the now famous 
Soong family. Born on the island of Hainan off the China 
coast, he was at an early age adopted by an uncle who oper- 
ated a silk and tea business in Boston, and was brought to 
America. But his uncle's business did not appeal to him. 
Two Chinese students from Shanghai, then in Boston, were 
accustomed to visit Charlie in the modest shop where he 
was serving his apprenticeship. Their enthusiasm for the 
new learning and all their plans for the future kindled in 
the soul of the lad behind the counter a desire for an 
American education. In this ambition he received no en- 
couragement from his uncle. His family had planned dif- 
ferently. He would learn the silk and tea business, and 
finally inherit the little shop, as his uncle had no children. 
Charlie, a restless and unhappy lad, was accustomed to roam 
along the Boston Harbor, where ships from many lands rode 
at anchor. The mystery of the sea and ships answered a 
strange urge in his soul. One day he took French leave of 
the silk and tea shop, never to return, and hid himself on the 
"Colfax," a second-class sidewheeler, tied up at the Boston 
docks. When a little later the "Colfax" set sail Charlie 
Soong was aboard. 

Captain Charles Jones was commander of the "Colfax." 
He was a devout Christian, a kindly and understanding man, 
and his heart went out to the friendly, ambitious youth who 
was discovered aboard ship after they were out of port. He 
employed him as cabin-boy. During days at sea the Captain 
did not fail to speak to the lad about the Saviour of all races 
and peoples. How long Soong was on the "Colfax" is not 
known. We do know, however, that in the autumn of 1880 
Captain Jones and Charlie Soong came into port at Wil- 

[62] 



mington, North Carolina. (This story has been accepted 
for many years as told here. Recently the U. S. Coast 
Guard authorities have said no man named Charles Jones 
was on the "Colfax" and Soong did not go to Wilmington on 
her but joined her there. On the other hand, persons still 
living at Wilmington, including Mr. Ricaud's daughter, aver 
that they personally know Jones [who was possibly boat- 
swain and not captain] and vouch for the truthfulness of the 
story. Thus far the evidence favors the story. — Editor.) 

Captain Jones was not a stranger in Wilmington. Among 
his friends there, was the Reverend T. Page Ricaud, pastor 
of the Fifth Street Methodist Church. Being a linguist of 
considerable ability, Mr. Ricaud was also interpreter for the 
port of Wilmington. Captain Jones called to see his old 
friend, and told him of the Chinese boy, ambitious for an 
education, who was serving on his ship. Mr. Ricaud was 
interested. He, too, had in early life been adopted by a 
childless uncle. Though born in Baltimore, he had been 
reared and educated in Mexico City, a stranger in a strange 
land. When he joined the Protestant Church, he had been 
disinherited by an irate uncle, and had returned to the States. 
Perhaps the minister had a fellow feeling for the little 
stranger in Captain Jones's cabin. 

A meeting was in progress at the Fifth Street Church, 
and Mr. Ricaud invited the captain to bring his cabin-boy to 
service. The two came. The lad was deeply impressed by 
the simple gospel message, and when the service was over 
asked the minister to talk with him privately. A meeting 
was arranged for the next morning. Before the appointed 
hour Charlie arrived accompanied by Captain Jones. A long 
conversation ensued, and there, in the pastor's study, Charlie 
Soong, a lad of about fifteen years, was converted to Chris- 
tianity. 

The Wilimington Star of November 7, 1880, carries a 

[63] 



modest announcement: "This morning the ordinance of bap- 
tism will be administered at this Church (Fifth Street Meth- 
odist Church). A Chinese convert will be one of the subjects 
of the solemn rite, being probably the first Celestial that has 
ever submitted to the ordinance of baptism in North Caro- 
lina." At Mr. Ricaud's suggestion he took for his Christian 
name "Charles Jones" (his Chinese name was Yao-jun), in 
honor of the sea captain who had befriended him and who 
had been so largely instrumental in leading him to Christ. 
So began the Christian career of Charles Jones Soong. 

When the "Colfax" sailed from Wilmington, Soong re- 
mained. His quest for an education kept him ashore. He 
had a rare capacity for friendship, and very soon he made 
himself at home among the hospitable people of the Caro- 
lina city. His friends found employment for him in a Wil- 
mington printing office. This proved also to be a part of 
his preparation for the work he would later do in his native 
China. Shortly after his baptism, he gave a "thrilling testi- 
mony" of his faith at a Sunday afternoon meeting at Fifth 
Street Church. In this little company of responsive friends 
he expressed his long-time desire for an education. To his 
life-plan and hope a new element had been added — he 
wished to return to his own people as a missionary of the 
Church. For a brief period his friend and pastor, Dr. 
Ricaud, tutored him. 

The North Carolina Conference met that year early in 
December at Winston-Salem. At Conference Dr. Ricaud 
spoke to President Braxton Craven of Trinity College (a 
small Methodist college in Randolph County, later to be- 
come Duke University) concerning Charlie Soong and the 
possibility of placing him in the preparatory department of 
the college. But they were confronted by an ancient diffi- 
culty — 

[64] 



The eternal want of pence 
That vexes public men. 

No solution had as yet been found for financing Charlie's 
education, and a stranded Chinese youth waited for a friend 
who might help him on his quest. 

Then appeared upon the scene the man who came to be 
the friend and sponsor of Charlie Soong, and who by his 
kindness to a lad has made the world his debtor — General 
Julian S. Carr of Durham. Mr. Ricaud, who was his per- 
sonal friend, appealed to him in behalf of Charlie. The 
General responded in characteristic fashion: "Send him up, 
and we'll see that he gets an education." The writer has 
often heard him tell the story in substantially these words: 
"I heard of a Chinese lad in Wilmington who had come 
there as a cabin-boy aboard a steamer. He was bright and 
ambitious. He wanted an education but the poor fellow 
was stranded, and no way had been found to put him in 
school. I agreed to help him. He came to my house and 
lived there as a member of my family, and I helped him at 
Trinity and Vanderbilt until he had finished his education. 
This was Charlie Soong, who is as a son to me." 

General Carr was a princely man, and his heart was 
quickly responsive to another's need. He was a native of 
Chapel Hill, seat of the State University j served in the 
Confederate Army through the War Between the States ; re- 
turned home when the conflict was over and built up a large 
industry in Durham. He was a pioneer among the indus- 
trialists of the New South. The General was, indeed, a 
gentleman of the old school — courteous, generous, loyal — 
and for more than a generation a conspicuous figure, in the 
life of North Carolina. 

Sometime during the winter or early spring of 1 8 8 1 the 
Reverend Mr. Ricaud brought Charlie Soong to Durham. 
There the General and Charlie met for the first time. He 

[65] 



was immediately impressed by the boy's intelligence and 
promise. In an old letter General Carr speaks of Mr. Ricaud 
as the "sainted" man who "came to my home to bring Char- 
lie Soong, the Chinese lad that I adopted." To this he adds: 
"We enjoyed his visit very much. My dear wife appre- 
ciated his finely educated mind and his store of information 
and his gentility and good manners and breeding." The 
Chinese lad who had come with him was doubtless the topic 
of conversation of the two men as they sat together in the 
quiet of the General's den that evening — the General usually 
entertained his guests in his den — but neither of them 
dreamed that in helping a stranded boy they were setting 
in motion powers and movements that sixty years later 
would affect the whole world. God had used a sea captain, 
a minister, and a man of business to set the feet of Charlie 
Soong in the path of destiny. 

From the first Soong was regarded as a member of the 
Carr household. "He was taken in not as a servant, but as 
a son," says one member of the family. It is also recalled 
that Mrs. Carr was accustomed to lay her youngest in the 
arms of Charlie Soong each morning, and that he would rock 
and sing the baby to sleep. To the end of his days Charlie 
liked to sing. The gentle and stalwart Christian character 
of Mrs. Carr was no less potential in the career of Soong 
than the influence of her husband. When afterwards in 
China his eldest daughter was born he called her by the 
Chinese equivalent of "Nancy" which was the name of Mrs. 
Carr. 

In his own private room in the Carr home Soong in- 
stalled a wooden shuttle for hammock-weaving, an art he 
had learned aboard ship. By the sale of hammocks he was 
able in part to support himself. In this he was encouraged 
by General Carr, for the General was a staunch believer in 
the philosophy that God helps those who help themselves. 

[66] 



On June 25, 1881, he wrote from the Carr home in 
Durham to his father in far-away China: "I am a great 
hurry to be educated so I can go back to China and tell you 
about the kindness of the friends in Durham and the grace 
of God. . . . Mr. and Mrs. Carr they are good Christian 
family and they have been kind to me before I knew them." 

The new member of the Carr household soon won for 
himself a large place in the General's affection. He called 
him "Father Carr." He had fallen heir not only to finan- 
cial aid in pursuing his education, but more — to a home, and 
to the place of a son in a Christian family. The Carr home 
ranked among the best in the town. Because Charlie Soong 
lived there he was cordially received by the leading people 
of the community. Christian hospitality is a queenly grace, 
and often works great wonders. There is no estimating how 
largely the kindness which the Carrs and their friends be- 
stowed on a Chinese youth molded the character of the man 
who has made so large a contribution to the Orient and to 
the world. 

Some years later when he had some difficulty with the 
superintendent of the China Mission and was about to change 
his work, he wrote Mr. James H. Southgate, another Dur- 
ham friend: "I am very much displeased with this sort of 
authority, but I must bear it patiently. If I were to take 
rash action the people at home (my Durham friends es- 
pecially) might think I am an unloyal Methodist and a 
lawbreaker j so I have kept as silent as a mouse." It is 
significant that Charlie Soong thought of America as home, 
and that his loyalty to the friends who had so enriched his 
life was still a primal consideration. 

In the Carr home, and under the General's guidance, 
Soong's education was planned. In the spring of 1881 ar- 
rangements were completed for him to attend Trinity Col- 
lege. There he remained for a little more than a year. 

[67] 



Since he was preparing himself for religious work in China, 
it seemed wise that he should receive his training at the only 
school of theology then under the auspices of the Southern 
Methodist Church. Accordingly in 1882 he entered Vander- 
bilt University, Nashville, and was graduated with a cer- 
tificate in theology in 1885. During this entire period Gen- 
eral Carr was his friend and sponsor, seeing that the needed 
funds were supplied, over and above what Charlie was able 
to earn by the sale of hammocks and speaking in churches. 

The General was superintendent of the Trinity Sunday 
school in Durham, and the school shared with him in the 
support of Soong. Those who knew the General, however, 
knew from whose pocket most of the funds came. The Carr 
home continued to be through these years the home of Char- 
lie Soong, and he was frequently there at vacation time and 
on other occasions. Near the end of his days at Vanderbilt 
Soong had a strong desire to study medicine as further equip- 
ment for service in China, and General Carr had expressed 
a willingness to finance him. The authorities thought other- 
wise. When in the year of his graduation he returned to 
China, Bishop McTyeire of Vanderbilt wrote the Superin- 
tendent of the Mission, making especial mention of Charlie's 
"generous patron, Mr. Julian Carr." Other words in the 
same letter were prophetic above all that the Bishop 
dreamed: "We expect to send Soong out to you this fall. . . . 
The destinies of many are bound up in his case." 

The old relationship between the General and Charlie 
continued. General Carr had assisted scores of boys and 
girls through college, but none of them held so large a place 
in his interests and affections as Charlie Soong. In conver- 
sation he often referred to him as "the Chinese boy who 
lived in my home as a member of my family." Soong ac- 
cepted work in the Methodist China Mission. After a few 
years he withdrew from the mission and established an inde- 

[68] 



pendent business for printing Bibles in Chinese. When he 
was in Wilmington he had got printer's ink on his fingers, 
and that experience now served him in good stead. His 
loyalty to the Church continued unabated, and to the end 
of his days he was an active supporter of Christian work in 
China. 

Charlie Soong prospered. His career was not unlike that 
of General Carr, who following the War Between the States 
had by perseverance and business acumen become a man of 
large affairs. The achievements of the General had not 
escaped the attention of the quick-witted youth who lived 
in his house. In the course of the years Soong became a man 
of considerable means. In addition to his printing business 
he was made manager of a large flour mill. It is interesting 
to observe that General Carr had for a long time operated 
a flour mill in Durham. He was able to send his six chil- 
dren to America for their education. Three daughters went 
to Wesleyan in Georgia, and his second son was graduated 
from Vanderbilt in 1921. His thoughts naturally turned 
to the section where his old friends lived. 

In the year 1916 General Carr went to China for a visit 
to his Chinese protege. Soong met him at the pier in Shang- 
hai and took him to his home on Seymour Road in the 
International Settlement. The General's devotion to Char- 
lie had brought him in his later years, to China. Old friends 
had met again, but under different circumstances. The 
tables were turned. Charles Jones Soong was now host to 
his American friend. In surroundings that rivaled the Carr 
home in Durham, the General met personages who were 
even then shaping the destiny of the Orient. He was widely 
entertained by the Soongs and their friends. 

Dr. Sun Yat-sen, leader of the Revolution and the first 
president of the Republic, had married Charlie Soong's sec- 
ond daughter. Her English name was Rosa in honor of one 

[69I 



of Mr. Ricaud's daughters, whom her father had known in 
the Ricaud home in Wilmington. The Suns entertained the 
General elaborately, as did Dr. and Mme. Kung. The 
Chinese government presented him three exquisite porcelain 
vases, especially designed and inscribed, a token of appre- 
ciation for his service to China and for his friendship for her 
people. "Everybody in China thought I was a great man 
because I was a 'General,' " he said to the writer on his 
return. The man to whom he spoke knew, however, that 
his title had not won for him a place of honor among his 
friends in China, but his noble and generous nature. Gen- 
eral Carr stands as a symbol of America's good will toward 
the people of China. 

The years had brought many changes in the life of Char- 
lie Soong.- All China was astir, and the Soong family had 
come to a place of national leadership and influence. On his 
return to China, Soong had associated himself with the 
movement to overthrow the Manchu Dynasty. He was an 
ardent supporter and intimate friend of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, 
"the Father of the China Republic." Later he was Dr. 
Sun's secretary, and finally the treasurer of the Revolution. 
He led in raising a war chest of $2,500,000 to further the 
cause of the Republic. In the Soong home in Shanghai, Dr. 
Sun Yat-sen found souls sympathetic to the cause of liberty, 
and there much of his work was done. Soong's eldest daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Carr's namesake, was for a time his secretary. 
Afterward his second daughter was Dr. Sun's secretary, later 
to become his wife. Soong introduced his American friend 
to a world as strange to him and as potential as America ever 
was to the eager youth who one day came with Mr. Ricaud 
to the General's home. 

When General Carr returned from China he said in 
characteristic fashion to the writer, who was then his pastor, 
"Brother Harrell, I'm plumb full of China, and we must 

[70] 



have a meeting at the church." The meeting was arranged 
at Trinity Church, Durham, where the General had been 
for fifty years an officer. There he spoke one Sunday evening 
to a congregation that taxed the capacity of the stately old 
edifice. He brought back tidings from Charlie Soong, who 
was remembered by many in the congregation, and told how 
the boy whom they had known had come to a place of dis- 
tinction in his native land. His enthusiasm mounted as he 
told of the receptions tendered him by the first president of 
the Republic and by Dr. and Mme. Kung. "They treated 
me like a king," he said; "I had the greatest time of my 
life." Neither the General nor the young minister who was 
in the pulpit with him realized half of all that the Soong 
family would mean to the New Order in Asia and to the 
spread of the Christian faith in the world. 

This story is the first act drama whose end none can 
foretell. On May 3, 191 8, Charlie Soong, still in the prime 
of life, died in Shanghai. General Carr followed him in 
1924. When the Soongs were notified of his going, Mme. 
Sun Yat-sen replied in a letter written in choicest English. 
One sentence stands out above the rest. Its pathos and sweet 
eloquence are inescapable. Of General Carr she says: "He 
was our great, good friend." 

General Julian Carr is remembered by all who knew 
him as a very unusual man. He was one of the first bene- 
factors of the New South. During his active years there was 
hardly a public enterprise of moment in North Carolina that 
did not claim a share in his generosity. He gave the site on 
which the Woman's College of Duke University now stands. 
He was a large contributor to the building of schools and 
churches, to charity, and to all manner of undertakings for 
the common good. While the writer was a college student, 
he was for a period General Carr's Secretary, and had abun- 
dant opportunity to observe his unheralded benefactions to 

[7i] 



all kinds and conditions of people. Yet nothing that he ever 
did is comparable in its far-reaching effect to his kindness to 
a Chinese boy. 

Because Charlie Soong found a friend and sponsor in this 
great-souled layman, a new day dawns for China and for the 
cause of Christianity in the Far East. Out of the loins and 
soul of Charlie Soong has come the new leadership of the 
Orient. His three daughters married the three most con- 
spicuous leaders in modern China (Dr. H. H. Kung, Minis- 
ter of Finance, Dr. Sun Yat-sen, and Generalissimo Chiang 
Kai-shek), and each of his three sons occupies a strategic 
position. T. V. Soong is Chinese Minister in Washington. 
All of them, including the sons-in-law, are Christians. On 
account of them Christianity is a potential force in molding 
the present and future of the Orient. 

It is conceivable that but for Charlie Soong and his 
family China would not today be our ally in the cause of 
human liberty. An investment of a few hundred dollars in 
a youth — and, behold the result! God uses unexpected 
methods to confound the mighty. The seed were sown by a 
great, good man, and the harvest is ten thousand fold. If 
one doubts the potency of the Christian missionary move- 
ment, let him ponder the story of General Carr and Charlie 
Soong. 



Acknowledgments : 

In preparation of this story the author acknowledges his 
especial indebtedness to the following: Mr. C. M. Carr and 
Mrs. Elisa Carr Flower, New York, surviving children of 
General Carr; Mrs. Rosa Ricaud Ramsey, Spartanburg, 
S. C, surviving daughter of the Reverend T. Page Ricaud; 
Mr. Edward A. Oldham, New York; Mrs. R. B. Ricaud, 
Bennettsville, S. C.j Mr. Southgate Jones, Durham; Mrs. 

[72] 



C. A. Yarbrough, Charlotte ; Hon. Josephus Daniels, Ra- 
leigh j Mr. Mike Bradshaw, Jr., Dayton, Ohio; and Fred 
T. Barnett, Durham. Indebtedness to two recently pub- 
lished volumes is also acknowledged: "The Soong Sisters," 
Hahn; and "My Father in China," James Burke. 



[73] 



II 



General Julian S. Garr Day 

BY DONNIE A. SORRELL 

President, Durham Chamber of Commerce 

TODAY we confer an honor that has been long overdue, 
yet I feel that the Durham Chamber of Commerce has 
acted both timely and wisely in making this date the day 
for commemorating the birthday of General Julian S. Carr. 
This is the one hundredth anniversary of the birth of that 
illustrious Southern gentleman to whom Durham owes so 
much for its advancement down through the century. 

This day of commemoration is an indication that those 
who use their talents and their wealth to build for the pres- 
ent and the future, as did General Carr, are not forgotten. 
Such men, through their unselfishness, create lasting me- 
morials to themselves: memorials that are not swept away 
by wind or tide, but are forever in the memories of those 
who remain, and are passed on to new generations as an 
inspiration for greater accomplishment. 



[75 ] 



Julian S. Carr Junior High School 



BY WILLIAM H. WANNAMAKER 



MAN HAS been advised on high authority to learn 
from the ant the valuable lesson of diligence. It is 
not out of place, then, to suggest that he learn certainly as 
valuable a lesson from some other members of what we call 
the lower animals, such as the lion, the dog, the horse. We 
all recall, for example, the famous old story of Androcles 
and the Lion; and most of us have had the good fortune to 
observe a faithful dog or horse. All of these animals and 
others clearly manifest the laudable virtue of gratitude. 
They do not forget their benefactors. In fact, this virtue 
seems to be something intended, taken for granted, by na- 
ture. But man forgets. Especially does he forget generous, 
kind deeds, though he is prone to hold in memory even 
suspected ungenerous ones. Thus individuals and com- 
munities all too frequently and too soon forget their bene- 
factors and thus become guilty of a lamentable fault — 
ingratitude. But a grateful city is a gracious city; an un- 
grateful one is ungracious. Gratitude deeply felt for the 
kind deeds and generous thought of our benefactors is a 
virtue that should be developed and fostered in the young 
so as to become a characteristic of every city and community. 
Like mercy, it is twice blest; it blesses him that cherishes it 
and him for whom it is felt. 

To aid in the development of gratitude in our people by 
doing honor to the memory of a distinguished former fellow 
citizen is therefore thoroughly in place, for we not only thus 

[76] 




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honor ourselves, we acquaint those of our City who know 
nothing of the generous deeds of the deceased honored man 
with their obligations to him. Without the benefactions 
that our good City received from such generous citizens in 
the past, especially in its infancy, it would be a far less pros- 
perous and pleasant place to live in and less fit to minister 
to the needs of our people and our children. 

I take it that something like what I have said was in the 
minds of those thoughtful citizens, especially Mr. M. A. 
Briggs, who are responsible for these exercises and others on 
the program of Julian S. Carr Memorial Day. Durham 
owes him much. It is not my privilege to recount all he 
did for Durham in a material way, but knowing he was a 
friend to struggling youth and believed in education for 
them, I cannot refrain from mentioning his interest in behalf 
of that wandering ambitious Chinese youth, Charles Soong, 
whom he discovered at Wilmington, North Carolina, and 
aided to attend Trinity College, probably never dreaming 
that the young sailor would later, back in China, become 
the father of several of the outstanding leaders of the great 
Chinese people at the present time. And we at Duke Uni- 
versity will never forget his generosity to Trinity College 
in its dark days in Randolph County and his gift of the 
valuable site of the College when it was moved to Durham. 
That site, enlarged in later years, is now the home of the 
Woman's College of Duke University. In my humble 
opinion the moving of the College to Durham must be 
counted among the greatest good fortunes of the City we 
all love. 

And so I count it an honor and privilege to announce that 
the Board of Education of the City of Durham voted unani- 
mously some time ago to name this, a centrally located 
school, Julian S. Carr Junior High School in honor of our 

[77] 



former generous fellow-citizen. It will long be the school 
home of many of our children at the age when they can be 
taught to honor their fathers and mothers and also our and 
their kind and generous benefactors. We hope those in 
charge of this school will not fail to use the example we are 
now setting to perpetuate the memory of a generous bene- 
factor. May they endeavor in their ministrations to the 
intellectual and spiritual needs of our children to develop 
and nurture in them a deep sense of gratitude to the end 
that it become a characteristic of this growing city. 



[78] 



Resolution and Proclamations 



Resolution No. 42 
The General Assembly of the State of 
North Carolina 

1. 

H. R. No. 983. 

A Resolution to honor the memory of General 
Julian S. Carr on the centennial of his birth. 

Whereas, October twelfth next is the one hundredth 
anniversary of the birth of one of North Carolina's greatest 
sons, Julian Shakespeare Carr: Born into an humble yet 
thrifty, God fearing home, by the industry and energy of 
his mind he attained distinction as a Confederate soldier (at 
whose hands later he received all the honors that could be 
bestowed by the State and National organizations of the 
veterans of "The Stars and Bars,") and was renowned in 
other walks of life. 

After a limited attendance at the University of North 
Carolina he entered upon a business career, composed of 
manufacturing, investment, agriculture and banking. At the 
peak of his career, General Carr was the State's greatest 
business man, measured by the past and those of his day. 
He was president or a leading spirit in nearly forty corpora- 
tions promoting the business, civic and intellectual interests 
of the community, centering around Durham and extending 
throughout the State. 

As a philanthropist, General Carr was not surpassed by 
any other citizen of his time. His benefactions running the 
gamut from personal contributions to munificent sums to 

[79] 



orphanages, the University of North Carolina and Trinity 
College: A large building was erected at Chapel Hill; and 
at Trinity College he provided funds for operating it several 
years, providing a site and money for the college to move to 
Durham. He made substantial contributions to our effort 
in the Spanish-American War; was a leader in support of 
the Democratic Party and the Methodist Church, with all 
he was as has been competently observed "a golden hearted" 
citizen : 

Now, therefore, be it resolved by the House of Repre- 
sentatives, the Senate concurring: 

Section i. That the North Carolina General Assembly 
of one thousand nine hundred and forty-five endorses the 
movement to honor Julian S. Carr's memory on the centen- 
nial of his birth. 

Sec. 2. That the Speaker of the House is hereby author- 
ized and directed to appoint three members who, with two 
members to be appointed by the Presiding Officer of the 
Senate (and he is hereby authorized and directed to appoint 
them) shall constitute a delegation to represent the Gen- 
eral Assembly of the State of North Carolina at such exer- 
cises as may be held in connection with this centennial. 

Sec. 3. That this Resolution shall be in full force and 
effect from and after its ratification. 

In the General Assembly read three times and ratified, 
this the 20th day of March, 1945. 

L. Y. Ballentine 

President of the Senate. 
O. L. Richardson 
Speaker of the House of Representatives. 

Examined and found correct, 
Mrs. G. W. Cover 
For Committee. 

[80] 



Proclamation by the Governor: 

Julian S. Carr Day 
in the State of North Carolina 

Whereas, General Julian Shakespeare Carr was born 
October 12, 1845, to rise from an humble, thrifty, God- 
fearing home to a place of distinction and eminence in his 
native state of North Carolina, and 

Whereas, the City of Durham and the Durham metro- 
politan area will commemorate the life and career of this 
native son on the 100th anniversary of his birth, and 

Whereas, the 1945 Legislature of North Carolina 
passed a resolution to honor the memory of General Carr, 
and 

Whereas, it is fitting that the state as a whole give at- 
tention on this date to the career in business, manufacturing, 
investment, agriculture, and banking that led General Carr 
to that point in the peak of his career when he was the presi- 
dent or the leading spirit in 40 North Carolina corporations 
promoting the business, civic, and intellectual interests of 
this state, especially the Piedmont area centering around 
Durham, and 

Whereas, General Carr also distinguished himself as a 
Confederate soldier, and endeared himself in the hearts of 
many with his widespread philanthropies and personal con- 
tributions to orphanages, schools and churches, now 

Therefore, I, R. Gregg Cherry, Governor of North 
Carolina, do hereby proclaim October 12, 1945, as General 
Julian S. Carr Day in North Carolina in the hope that 
proper and adequate recognition may be accorded this great- 
hearted citizen and his honored career by commemorative 



[81] 



exercises in his home city of Durham and by the press and 

radio throughout the state. 

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set 
my hand and caused the Great Seal of the 
State of North Carolina to be affixed at Ra- 
leigh, this third day of October, in the year 
of our Lord, One Thousand Nine Hundred 
and Forty-five. 

R. Gregg Cherry 

By the Governor 
John Harden 
Private Secretary 

ifs ^? ;}c jji 

Proclamation by the Mayor: 
General Julian S. Carr Day in the City 
of Durham, North Carolina 

We herewith proclaim Friday, October 12, 1945, Gen- 
eral Julian S. Carr day. 

On this day, the city is celebrating the 100th anniversary 
of the birth of this famed Southern gentleman. As tributes 
to General Carr, there will be exercises throughout the day 
and extending into the evening. We kindly ask as many of 
our citizens as can do so to join in the exercises. 

Our city owes a great debt of gratitude to this man who 

was 

A philanthropist without stint, 
A soldier without fear, 
A churchman without apology, 
A citizen without self-interest, 
A leader without tyranny, 

A follower humble enough to follow good leaders. 
Peace to his ashes; salvation to his soul. 

W. F. Carr, Mayor. 

[82] 



Invitation and Programs for the Day 



Invitation and Calendar 



(general Hlultatt j£L (Earr -Bag 

in 

^Burfyam ^Naritj Carolina 
^rthag, Wctabtt ifaelfiij 
mnttettx h\xmbveb arto fortg-fibe 
tcmtmemoratutg tlje one IjuttbreMI] 
amttfecrsarg of fyts btrify 

(Chamber of dommcrce 

Calendar 

General Julian S. Carr Day 
Durham, North Carolina 
Friday, October 12, 1945 

10:30 A.M. — Graveside Memorial — (U.D.C.) — Maplewood 

1 1 :oo A.M. — Central Junior High School 
1 :oo P.M. — Luncheon — Hotel Washington Duke 
4:00 P.M. — Memorial Worship — Trinity Methodist Church 
7 :oo P.M. — Banquet — City Armory 

(PLEASE INDICATE IN YOUR REPLY IF YOU WILL ATTEND THE 
LUNCHEON AND BANQUET) 



[83] 



Programs 



GENERAL JULIAN S. CARR DAY 

DURHAM, NORTH CAROLINA 

FRIDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1945 
I 

Graveside Ceremony 
(maplewood) 

Conducted by 
UNITED DAUGHTERS OF CONFEDERACY 
Ten thirty o'clock a.m. 

Theme: General Carr, the Soldier 
Prayer Mrs. C. H. Shipp 

State Treasurer, U.D.C. 

Placing of Flag Mrs. J. E. Woodard 

President-General, U.D.C. 

Placing of Wreath Mrs. Paul Borden 

State President, U.D.C. 

Eulogy — "General Carr y the Soldier 3 ' Mrs. R. O. Everett 

Past State President, U.D.C. 

Ritual, led by Mrs. Leon Vick 

President, Julian S. Carr Chapter, U.D.C. 

"Taps" James Heldman, Bugler 



[84] 



II 



CENTRAL JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL 
Eleven o'clock a.m. 

Theme: General Carr y Friend of Education 
Presiding, C. Sylvester Green, Editor, Durham Morning Herald 

Overture Durham High School Orchestra 

Lewis H. Enloe, Conductor 

Introductory Remarks and 

Presentation of Special Guests Donnie A. Sorrell 

President, Durham Chamber of Commerce 

"To Thee O Country" (Eichberg) . . Durham High School Chorus 

William Powell Twaddell, Director 

Address — "General Carry Friend of Education" 

Dr. Archibald Henderson 
University of North Carolina 

"Ode to the Homeland" (Cain) Durham High School Chorus 

Naming of the School Dr. W. H. Wannamaker 

President, City Board of Education 

Unveiling of Plaque 



III 

DURHAM CHAMBER OF COMMERCE LUNCHEON 

in honor of members of the family, intimate friends 
and special guests 

Washington Duke Hotel 
One o'clock p.m. 

Theme: General Carr, Friendly Neighbor 
Presiding, M. A. Briggs, Chairman, Committee on Arrangements 

Invocation The Rev. C. Sylvester Green, D.D. 

[8 5 ] 



Address: "General Carr, Friendly Neighbor" 

Hon. Josephus Daniels 
Editor, Raleigh News and Observer 

Songs Mrs. Rosa Warren Myers, Soprano 

Miss Alice C. Hundley, Accompanist 

IV 

TRINITY METHODIST CHURCH 
MEMORIAL WORSHIP 

Four o'clock p.m. 
Presiding-: The Reverend James G. Huggin, Minister 



Organ Prelude — "Invocation" Salome 

Anthem — "Call to Rembrance" F arrant-Wiseman 

Hymn — "Faith of Our Fathers" Faber 

Scripture Ecclesiasticus 44:1-15 



Let us now praise famous men, and our fathers that begat us. The 
Lord manifested in them great glory \ even His mighty power from the 
beginning. Such as did bear rule in their kingdoms, men renowned for 
their power, giving counsel by their understanding, and declaring prophe- 
cies: Leaders of the people by their counsels, and by their understanding 
men of learning for the people, wise and eloquent in their instruction: 
Such as found out musical tunes, and set forth verses in writing: Rich men 
furnished with ability, living peaceably in their habitations: All these 
were honored in their generations, and were the glory of their times. 
There be of them, that have left a name behind them, to declare their 
praises. 

And some there be, who have no memorial; who are perished, as 
though they had never been. But these were men of mercy, whose 
righteous deeds hath not been forgotten. With their seed shall remain 
continually a good inheritance, and their children are within the cov- 
enant. Their seed standeth fast, and their children for their sakes. Their 
seed shall remain for ever, and their glory shall not be blotted out. 
Their bodies are buried in peace j and their name liveth for evermore. 
The people will tell of their wisdom, and the congregation will show 



forth their praise. 

Anthem — "Souls of the Righteous" Noble 

Prayer The Minister 

[86] 



Anthem — "Open Our Eyes" Macjarlane 

Address — "General Carr, Friend of the Church" 

Honorable William B. Umstead 

Hymn — "How Firm a Foundation" Wade 

Choral Benediction — "The Lord Bless You and Keep You" 

Lutkin 

Organ Postlude 



A Great Churchman 

When General Julian S. Carr came to Durham as a young man of twenty- 
five he joined Trinity Church. Immediately he entered vigorously and de- 
votedly into its life and activities. Until the day of his death there was 
nothing closer to his heart than the welfare of his Church. When not long 
after his arrival in Durham he helped with his own hands to repair the roof 
of the little church building then standing he was suggesting the limits to 
which his devotion would go. Large gifts he made to its work, faithfully 
he served through long years as Superintendent of the Sunday School, as 
Chairman of the Board of Stewards and in other important capacities. His 
Church was the fountain where he continually renewed his strength for life's 
battles, it was the flame where he kept warm his hope of eternal glory. The 
members of Trinity Church today are glad of the privilege by this service to 
honor the memory of a man who poured out so much of himself for his 
Church. General Carr was a great churchman. 



COMMUNITY DINNER 

City Armory-Auditorium 
Seven o'clock p.m. 
Theme: General Carry Greathearted Citizen 
Presiding, Donnie A. Sorrell, President, Durham Chamber of Commerce 
"America" 

Invocation Dr. Frank S. Hickman 

Dean of Chapel, Duke University 
Toastmaster, M. A. Briggs, Chairman, Committee on Arrangements 

Introduction of Special Guests 

[87] 



"Tenting Tonight on the Old Camp Ground" 

"Come Where My Love Lies Dreaming" 

Chamber of Commerce Male Chorus 

Address: "General Carry Industrialist . . . R. L. Lindsey 

Introduction of Speaker Hon. R. Gregg Cherry 

Governor of North Carolina 
Address: "Chtnafs Role in the Postwar World" . .Dr. Bangnee Liu 
Adjournment 



[88] 



Principals attending the dinner at the City Armory, climaxing event of 
the celebration, are shown at the head table above. Top, left to right: 
Mrs. J. E. Woodard, president general of the U. D. C; R. L. Lindsey, 
Mrs. Lindsey, Josephus Daniels, Claiborne M. Carr, Mrs. Carr, Dr. 
Bangnee Liu, M. Arnold Briggs (behind speaker's stand) Donnie A. 
Sorrell. Bottom row: Gov. R. Gregg Cherry, Mrs. Sorrell, William B. 
Umstead, Mrs. Umstead, Mrs. E. M. C. Flower, Mrs. F. S. Hickman 

and Dr. Hickman. 




Greetings: Telegrams of Appreciation 



Frank P. Graham 

President, University of North Carolina 

Chapel Hill, N. C. 

The University of North Carolina enthusiastically joins the City 
of Durham and the State of North Carolina in the celebration of 
the one hundredth birthday of Julian S. Carr, soldier, manufac- 
turer, banker, farmer and philanthropist: leader in the religious, 
educational, social, political, economic and civic development of 
North Carolina, General Carr blessed his State and generation with 
noble services undimmed after a hundred years. He was a bene- 
factor of the University of North Carolina, Duke University, the 
North Carolina College for Negroes, churches, schools, hospitals and 
other great causes of his beloved Durham and State. He provided 
the scholarship for the education at Trinity College of the father of 
the Soong sisters now Madame Sun Yat-sen and Madame Chiang 
Kai-shek, two of the makers of modern China. 

The University of North Carolina, cherishing his loyalty, devo- 
tion and high services as a precious possession is honored in the Ses- 
quicentennial of her opening to join Durham in the commemorative 
of the centennial of his birth. 

Hon. Josiah William Bailey 
Senator from North Carolina 
Washington, D. C. 

I am grateful for the invitation to the commemoration of the 
one hundredth anniversary of the birth of General Julian S. Carr 
Day. I wish I could be present and do honor to his memory. I 
regret, however, that my duties here make it impossible. 



[8 9 ] 



Hon. Carl T. Durham 

Congressman, Sixth District, North Carolina 

Washington, D. C. 

I appreciate very much your invitation to attend the Julian S. 
Carr Anniversary Day on Friday, October 1 2th. 

I am sorry that it will be impossible for me to be there as I would 
like very much to attend this anniversary in honor of one of our 
great citizens of North Carolina and one who contributed so much 
to our local community there in Durham. 

John H. Kerr 

Congressman, Second District, North Carolina 
Washington, D. C. 

I want to join with the many thousand North Carolinians who 
pay tribute today to the life and memory of General Julian S. Carr. 
His fidelity to our State and pride in its achievement, much of which 
he wrought, can never be surpassed. 

O. Max Gardner 

N. A. TOWNSEND 

Fred W. Morrison 
Washington, D. C. 

We send our felicitations and best wishes to the city and county 
of Durham and the State of North Carolina and to the chairman and 
the members of the committee who are on this occasion remember- 
ing and celebrating the one-hundredth anniversary of the birth of 
the great North Carolinian whose hard work, leadership and vision 
did so much to rebuild North Carolina during the long hard years and 
contributed so constructively in later years to the building of a greater 
State and a nobler commonwealth. Our love and affection to all 
his children and grandchildren. 

Floyd W. Jefferson 

Iselin-Jefferson Company, New York City 

My association with the Carr family has been very close over 
a period of many years, and I deeply regret my inability to be present 
to do honor to the memory of General Julian S. Carr. 

[90] 



Expressions from the Press 



GENERAL CARR'S BIRTHDAY 

{Durham Morning Herald > October 21, 1 944) 

October 12, 1945 will be Friday. But it will be sig- 
nificant to Durham because it will be the one hundredth 
anniversary of the birth of one of Durham's all-time great 
citizens: General Julian S. Carr. 

In a little paragraph mention last week the editor of 
The News and Observer emphasized a desire on the part of 
appreciative citizens of the State to see that day celebrated 
in some appropriate fashion. There ought to be many 
things that could be done to honor the memory of General 
Carr. 

Durham people can be thinking about it, and there 
should develop sufficient interest to vouchsafe a worthy rec- 
ognition of this centennial. In his writings in that apoc- 
ryphal book of the Scriptures, Jesus the Son of Sirach, said 
"Let us now praise famous men." 

Surely there is much to be gained in reminding ourselves 
of the men and women who poured their lives and their 
earnings into the development of the foundation upon which 
we build. They deserve to be remembered. 

GENERAL CARR DESERVES TO BE 
REMEMBERED HERE 

{Durham Morning Herald, February 8, 1945) 

Last Fall, along about October 12, we had a clipping 
from the distinguished editor of The News and Observer ; 

[91 ] 



Josephus Daniels, commenting that the day was the birth- 
day of the late Julian S. Carr. 

The editor related that a friend, later discovered to be 
J. M. Templeton of Route 5, Raleigh, had dropped in and 
suggested that the centennial of General Carr's birth ought 
not to go unnoticed. 

We picked up the suggestion, and were delighted with 
the local reaction. Then Tuesday the local Chamber of 
Commerce, through its board of directors, admitted that it 
liked the idea, adopted it, and will appoint a local com- 
mittee to work out the plans. 

That gives the history of the idea. We have a feeling 
that it will be most cordially received by people of the State 
generally, not only here in Durham but throughout North 
Carolina. 

General Carr was one of the all-time greats of Durham. 
It was he who encouraged Mr. Daniels to buy The News 
and Observer. It was he as much as any other man who 
made it possible for Trinity College to move from Ran- 
dolph County to Durham. Later that college became the 
great Duke University of today. 

It was he who gave his personal encouragement to 
churches, schools, needy students, and many other institu- 
tions and individuals. It is most appropriate that now those 
of us who see and know the results of his handiwork should 
stop and pay tribute to him. That we will do next October. 

GENERAL CARR CENTENNIAL 

(Durham Morning Herald, March 18, 1945) 

Here is Chapter Three in The Herald's campaign to 
have public recognition given the centennial anniversary of 
the birth of General Julian S. Carr. 

The Legislature Saturday morning passed a bill calling 
for approval of the plan to hold some sort of public gather- 

[92] 



ing honoring the anniversary, and authorized the appoint- 
ment of joint committees from the two Houses to attend 
such a celebration and represent the law-making bodies of 
the State. 

The second chapter was the acceptance of the idea by 
the Board of Directors of the Durham Chamber of Com- 
merce, and the authorization of a committee to arrange for 
suitable ceremonies on the occasion of the anniversary, next 
October 12. 

The first chapter, of course, was the exchange of edi- 
torial suggestions of The Herald and The News and Ob- 
server at the instigation and suggestion of J. M. Templeton 
of Wake County. 

What will be the fourth chapter? Well, that will be 
the organization of the local committee, and the actual 
planning for the celebration itself. That ought to be started 
any time now, if a suitable program is to be developed. 

NOTABLE ANNIVERSARY 

(News and Observer, April 12, 1 945) 

Following the resolution of the General Assembly pro- 
viding for the State to participate in the celebration of the 
one hundredth anniversary of Durham's First Citizen for 
half a century, the Durham Chamber of Commerce has 
named a committee on the celebration of the one hundredth 
birthday of General Julian S. Carr next October. 

All North Carolina will join Durham in doing honor 
to a golden-hearted gentleman who pioneered in industry, 
education, and every cause for the betterment of his fellow- 
men. 



[93] 



CIVIC CLUBS JOIN 

{Durham Morning Herald, October 1 8, 1945) 

October 12, 1945 — is to be a day of celebration in Dur- 
ham. It will be "General Julian S. Carr Day." Civic 
clubs are arranging to cancel their regular meetings for the 
week in order to meet with the Chamber of Commerce at 
dinner that evening. 

THE HERALD WANTS ANECDOTES ABOUT 
GENERAL CARR 

{Durham Morning Herald, September 4, 1945) 

Do you remember General Julian S. Carr? And who in 
Durham before 1924 does not. On Friday, October 12, 
the city will observe "General Julian S. Carr Day." The 
day will be proclaimed by the Mayor of the city, by the 
Governor of the State, and a special series of programs will 
be held here in commemoration. 

The Herald would like to have many anecdotes, illus- 
trative stories, personal experiences, and other personal and 
interesting data about General Carr. We want to publish 
these in The Herald. We know there are many true and 
fascinating stories about the distinguished Durham citizen 
of another day. They ought to be preserved. This is our 
way of contributing to their preservation. 

Write out any incident, experience, or anecdote that you 
know about General Carr: some kind deed he did; some in- 
dicative word spoken to someone else; some generosity; 
some noble expression; some influence he exerted; anything 
about him that to you seems interesting. Send it to The 
Herald — address it to the editor — and we will select them 
for publication each day from next Sunday, until the cele- 
bration on October 12, or as long as the number justifies, 
in fact. 

[94] 



And The Herald will pay one dollar each for the narra- 
tives published. Keep them as brief as possible, without 
omitting any of the details. Sign your name, although your 
name need not be published. In case of duplication, the 
editor reserves the right to select the article used. And all 
articles submitted become the property of The Herald. No 
manuscript will be returned. 

Think back over your collections of General Carr, and 
help us make this a most interesting feature for Durham 
readers. Send in your narrative today. Then look forward 
with all of Durham to the special events being planned for 
the celebration on October 12. Prominent speakers, many 
of whom knew the varied interests of General Carr, will 
appear on the special programs. Durham honors itself to 
plan these memorial exercises for one of its early and in- 
fluential citizens on the one hundredth anniversary of his 
birth. 

GENERAL CARR ANECDOTES 

{Durham Morning Herald, September 5, 1945) 

The Herald is counting on its readers to furnish a plen- 
tiful supply of anecdotes about the late General Julian S. 
Carr. These will be printed as a special feature of the edi- 
torial page, beginning next Sunday. 

And The Herald will pay each contributor one dollar 
for each anecdote used. Recall the stories you have heard, 
or the personal experiences you had with the General, and 
write them out as briefly as possible, and send them to the 
editor. All manuscripts remain the property of The Herald, 
and no manuscripts will be returned. 

This is part of the plan for the celebration of "General 
Julian S. Carr Day" in Durham on Friday, October 12, 
1945. That will be the centennial of the birth of General 

[95] 



Can*, and will afford Durham and the State an opportunity 
to honor one of its most illustrious all-time citizens. 

DR. LIU IS GOOD CHOICE 

{Durham Morning Herald, September 17, 1 945) 

The engagement of Dr. Bangnee A. Liu for the prin- 
cipal address of "General Julian S. Carr Day" here in Dur- 
ham, October 12, is a piece of good fortune for the commit- 
tee on arrangements. 

Dr. Liu is a brilliant scholar, has held numerous edu- 
cational posts of importance both in his native country and 
in the United States. His knowledge of the affairs of the 
world were enhanced by the privilege of serving on the 
advisory staff of the recent United Nations Conference in 
San Francisco. 

The nearer we get to the date, the more we realize here 
in Durham that October 12 is to be a big day in the city's 
life. It will serve primarily to honor the memory of a 
great Durham builder on the centennial of his birth. But 
it will serve further to emphasize the appreciation Durham 
has for all those noble men and women who through the 
years have spent themselves for the city's progress. 

AN APPRECIATION OF GENERAL 
JULIAN S. CARR 

(Durham Sun, September 25, 1945) 

O General of the far off days! 
We come to offer you our highest praise, 
A friend and comrade tried and true 
We bid you thus our last adieu, 
Too deep for words or tears to tell 
We come to say our last farewell. 
But tho' we lose you, never more 

[96] 



To greet you at the open door, 
To grasp your hand and see your smile 
We shall be thankful all the while, 
Because your love and loyalty 
Have made a happier world to be. 
So rest you, General, in that land 
Still hidden from us by His hand, 
Where you may know again in truth 
All the glad days of thy youth — 
As when in days of endless ease 
You played beneath the apple trees. 

Mrs. Earl Agle. 



HONORING GENERAL CARR 

{Henderson Disfatch, September 28, 1945) 

The City of Durham, despite its present-day greatness 
and its ability to go it alone, owes much to the late General 
Julian S. Carr, and the movement now under way there for 
a celebration in his memory on October 12, centennial of 
his birth, will bring out many facts and much information 
about his services to the city and county. 

Along with the Dukes, General Carr was a pioneer in 
the tobacco industry in the early days. He contributed of 
his great ability and of his resources in helping to establish 
tobacco manufacturing in Durham, cradle of one of the 
nation's greatest business activities. He was instrumental 
also in having Trinity College moved from Randolph 
County to Durham in the nineties and contributed largely to 
the establishment and enlargement of the small institution, 
thus starting it on the road to becoming the Duke of today, 
one of the nation's large universities, and which has meant 
more to Durham than any other single enterprise except 
tobacco. 

[97] 



General Carr was, too, a leader in his church and gave 
of his resources to the establishment of one of the largest re- 
ligious groups in the city today. 

Moreover, the Carr family founded the once influential 
and far-flung hosiery industry in Durham, as well as a flour 
mill whose products are distributed over a wide territory. 
Then there was the banking business which was established 
by the Carrs and which made a large contribution to the de- 
velopment of the city. 

Older citizens of Durham know already of the great 
contribution of General Carr and his family to that city's 
development and growth. It was not so much the latter as 
it was the foundation that was so well laid in earlier years. 
They may with profit refresh their own memories, while 
the younger generations would do well to learn something 
of what they really owe to this great citizen who was one of 
their "founding fathers." 

THE CARR CENTENNIAL 

{Greensboro Record, October 2, 1945) 

The City of Durham is to be commended for its plan — 
now well under way — to hold an appropriate celebration in 
tribute to the memory of the late General Julian S. Carr, 
on October 12, which is the centennial of the birth of that 
splendid gentleman, soldier, builder, financier and philan- 
thropist, and one of the greatest of Durham's founding 
fathers. 

It is well for the older generations of North Carolinians 
to recall the genial General's numerous contributions to the 
development of his city and State, his substantial gifts in 
the cause of education and religion, and his almost countless 
acts of charity and deeds of kindness for those with whom he 
came in contact in the course of everyday living. And it is 

[98] 



well for the younger generations to learn of General Carr's 
career. It should be an inspiration. 

As a mere lad General Carr volunteered for service in 
the Confederacy — his title being conferred after Appomat- 
tox. Along with the Dukes — who became kings in the to- 
bacco realm — General Carr pioneered in the tobacco industry 
in Durham when that now bustling industrial city was hardly 
more than a cross-roads village. Success and wealth crowned 
his efforts almost from the start. 

General Carr was instrumental in having Trinity Col- 
lege moved from Randolph County to Durham in the 
i89o's. He contributed largely to the institution which 
later became the great Duke University. He was a large 
contributor also to his church (Methodist), and to various 
other educational and religious causes, irrespective of de- 
nominational lines. He had a finger in many businesses — 
manufacturing, banking and farming — and in virtually all 
he was eminently successful, and he always shared his bless- 
ings with those around him. 

For the last several weeks The Durham Morning Her- 
ald has been publishing a daily feature about the General's 
career — anecdotes, many humorous, some sad, told for the 
most part by people who remember the General. This in- 
teresting series writes a fine commentary on the career of a 
sterling character. 

HONORING GENERAL CARR 

(Winston-Salem Journal, October 10, 1 945) 

The City of Durham and the State do well to pay tribute 
and honor to Gen. Julian S. Carr, the 100th anniversary of 
whose birth occurs next Friday, Oct. 12. 

Too often the local community, State and nation, in 
doing honor to political leaders, statesmen, military and 
naval commanders, overlook those less publicized but in- 

[99] 



fluential men and women who labor quietly but conscien- 
tiously and with vision for the higher welfare of society. 

To the credit of Durham and the State of North Caro- 
lina, however, it can be said that General Carr, who was 
only a private in the Confederate Army, but came to hold 
a high post of honor in the United Confederate Veterans 
organization, was not a prophet without honor in his own 
country. His industrial initiative helped turn a country 
cross-roads into the modern city of Durham, his philan- 
thropies were widely spread in the cause of religion, col- 
legiate education and social welfare, and his progressive 
views on civic and political issues made him a champion of 
progress and liberal democracy in North Carolina. All these 
attributes gained for him State-wide appreciation and ac- 
claim during his lifetime and among thousands of North 
Carolinians have been long remembered beyond his death. 

Certainly, in Durham nothing has been left undone to 
accord appropriate honors to the memory of General Carr. 
For the past several weeks the newspapers there have pub- 
lished each day an anecdote or short story bearing upon some 
incident revelatory of the genial nature of General Carr or 
giving evidence of his broad human sympathies, these short 
"pieces" being contributed by Durhamites who knew him. 
It occurs here that other communities in the State would do 
well to honor the memory of some of their outstanding city 
and State builders in the same manner in which Durham 
has honored General Carr. Winston-Salem could well af- 
ford to translate the birthday of Calvin H. Wiley, for ex- 
ample, into a period of local observance, perhaps annually, 
and we would not go far amiss in thus honoring a number 
of other outstanding industrial, educational or civic leaders 
on occasion. In thus doing we can deepen the wells of com- 
munity pride in broadening the knowledge of history and 
those who helped to make it. 

[ ioo ] 



REMEMBERING GENERAL CARR 

{Charlotte Observer , October 10, 1945) 

The 1 ooth anniversary of the birth of one of North 
Carolina's greats, General Julian S. Carr, occurs Friday, and 
it is appropriate that Durham, where he lived and labored 
for the progress of this commonwealth, should pause to 
celebrate the occasion. 

At least in spirit the people of the State generally can 
share in the honors which will be shown this eminent citizen 
by his home community. 

Durham owes more to the activities and influences of 
General Carr for its development from a cross-roads village 
to its present metropolitan proportions. 

Nor were the energies of this dynamic leader confined 
to the opportunities which he found lying at his feet in the 
town of which he was a native. 

The whole of North Carolina felt the inspiring touch of 
his vision and of his faith. 

His voice was lifted so loudly in behalf of intelligent 
progress and liberal democracy that his leadership was pro- 
nounced and applauded in every nook and cranny of the 
State. 

General Carr was among a few pioneers of his generation 
who foresaw the industrial possibilities of North Carolina 
and from every forum he could command he proclaimed 
these potential riches of the State and drew the pattern for 
much of the progress that has since his death been realized. 

The people of North Carolina as well as those of his 
home community of Durham will delight to honor his mem- 
ory for his good works, for the nobility of his sterling charac- 
ter, and for the effectiveness of his leadership in a day when 
his was the voice of one crying in the wilderness to proclaim 
the latent resources resident in North Carolina for a great 
cultural, industrial and social civilization. 

[101] 



CARR COMMEMORATION 

{Hickory Daily Record, October 10, 1 945) 

In an elaborate program Friday, Tar Heel people will 
be permitted to join in the commemoration of the one hun- 
dredth anniversary of the birth of Gen. Julian S. Carr. 

General Carr was not only one of the chief builders of 
Durham— he as a distinguished North Carolinian also con- 
tributed permanently to the growth and development of the 
State. His influence was felt in many lines of endeavor, but 
he was truly a friend of education. In recognition of that 
fact Dr. William H. Wannamaker, vice president of Duke 
University will dedicate the Central High School of Dur- 
ham, the Julian S. Carr High School. 

He loved the University of North Carolina ardently, 
and he gave the land for Trinity when that parent of Duke 
University was moved to Durham. He always remembered 
his Confederate comrades and never failed his community, 
his State or any good cause. 

The Raleigh News and Observer refers to him as a 
"Golden-hearted Gentleman," and recalls that he made 
Lord Tennyson and Gladstone smoke Durham Bull to- 
bacco and praise it, and early opened the Orient to the prod- 
ucts of the golden leaf grown in his State. 

A glance at the special tributes which will be paid to 
General Carr suffices to recall the enviable position Gen- 
eral Carr held in the hearts of all who knew him. Josephus 
Daniels, an intimate friend, will speak on "General Carr the 
Friendly Neighbor," and former Congressman William B. 
Umstead will take for his topic "General Carr, Friend of 
the Church." 

Perhaps the foremost attributes of General Carr are best 

[ 102 ] 



expressed in a proclamation issued by the Mayor of Durham, 
who characterized him as: 

A philanthropist without stint ; a soldier without fear; a 
churchman without apology ; a citizen without self-interest; 
a leader without tyranny ; a follower humble enough to fol- 
low good leaders. 

CENTENNIAL OF GOLDEN-HEARTED 
JULIAN S. CARR 

{News and Observer y October II, 1945) 

Tomorrow marks an event in North Carolina without 
parallel. The people will celebrate the one hundredth birth- 
day of a private citizen who has been dead a score of years — 
Julian Shakespeare Carr of Durham. 

He never held high office, commanded no victorious 
armies, built no institution to perpetuate his name, made no 
invention or discovery in science, did not stir his generation 
by oratory, wrote no great poem, nor created any literary 
masterpiece. He did none of the things which are regarded 
as essential to insure remembrance or honor by his fellow 
countrymen long years after his passing. 

Why then did the General Assembly signal him out to 
give the distinction of a centennial celebration in his honor 
and the Governor issue a proclamation that Friday, Oct. 1 2, 
should be Julian S. Carr Day in this Commonwealth, saying 
in the proclamation : 

It is fitting that the State as a whole give attention on 
this date to the career in business, manufacturing, invest- 
ment, agriculture, and banking that led General Carr to 
that point in the peak of his career when he was the president 
or the leading spirit in 40 North Carolina corporations pro- 
moting the business, civic, and intellectual interests of this 
State, especially in the Piedmont area centering around Dur- 

[ 103 ] 



ham. General Carr has also distinguished himself as a Con- 
federate soldier, and endeared himself in the hearts of many 
with his widespread philanthropies and personal contribu- 
tions to orphanages, schools, and churches. 

The answer as to the reason for this unusual honor comes 
unbidden from all privileged to live in the days when Gen- 
eral Carr touched to bless and help every good cause and 
worthy institution and opened his heart and hand and purse 
to enlarge their usefulness and who never withheld kindness 
and aid to those who stood in need of a generous friend. 
They have handed down the story — most of it unwritten — 
of the deeds that emanated from a good heart that domi- 
nated the life of one who loved his fellowmen. It was not 
his gifts in themselves but the fact that he gave himself 
with his generous contributions that accounted for his place 
in the hearts of his contemporaries. 

He was called "The Golden Hearted Gentleman" and 
his epitaph should be "One who loved his fellowmen." 
Chivalric, warm-hearted, enthusiastic in whatever concerned 
his fellowman interested him and bettering conditions of his 
fellowman was his master passion. He was the man among 
us who could not say "No" to any worthy appeal or shut 
up his purse or heart to those in need or those giving their 
lives to service in church or school or other institutions set 
up for the betterment of mankind. 

General Carr was not only generous in his acts. He was 
liberal in his thinking. He was a democrat in living and 
a Democrat in politics. He never held office except as 
Durham's Representative in the General Assembly where, 
though a mill owner, he stood for better pay and better 
conditions for workers. He was ambitious but when politi- 
cal honors did not come, his devotion to his party did not 
decrease. He was a patriotic partisan who put the Com- 
monwealth above office. 

[ 104 ] 



He was among the first young Confederate soldiers, re- 
turning from war, who saw that the wheels of industry 
must turn and the South convert its raw material into fin- 
ished products to become strong and prosperous. He made 
Lord Tennyson and Gladstone smoke Durham Bull tobacco 
and praise it, and early opened the Orient to the products 
of the golden leaf grown in his State. 

He loved the university with a devotion that was always 
ardent. He gave the land for Trinity when that parent of 
Duke University was moved to Durham. He never ceased 
to hold close to his heart, his Confederate comrades, never 
failed in church, his alma mater, his company, his State or 
good causes. 

Tomorrow in Durham, there will be a series of events 
in commemoration of his useful life. First, in the early 
morning, and a fitting beginning, the president of the 
Daughters of the Confederacy, Mrs. J. E. Woodard of Wil- 
son, will lay flowers on the grave of the boy soldier who be- 
came commander of the Confederate Veterans. Second, a 
modern public school of the city will be renamed Julian S. 
Carr Junior High School and dedicated with an address on 
General Carr's devotion to his alma mater, the University of 
North Carolina, other colleges and the opportunity of every 
child to attend an efficient public school. The address at 
this gathering will be by Dr. Archibald Henderson of the 
University of North Carolina. Third, a midday luncheon 
for members of the family of General Carr and the officials 
of the State and city of Durham will be held. Among others, 
Josephus Daniels will speak. 

In the afternoon at 4 o'clock at Trinity Methodist 
Church — it was often called "General Carr's Church" — 
William B. Umstead will deliver the memorial address. 

At night Governor Cherry will introduce Dr. Bangnee 
A. Liu, who will speak on "China Today and Tomorrow," 

[i°5] 



and R. L. Lindsey will speak on General Carr as a pioneer 
industrialist. 

This celebration of the hundredth anniversary of one 
who was long Durham's first citizen and the State's foremost 
industrialist and philanthropist will bring in review for this 
generation the many virtues and noble deeds of a private 
citizen and will demonstrate the gratitude of a people to a 
chivalric and golden-hearted gentleman whose deeds "smell 
sweet and blossom in their dust." 

MET EVERY TEST 

BY J. M. TEMPLETON 
(News and Observer y October II, 1945) 

I introduce my remarks about General Carr by reference 
to Victor Hugo who said: "The world lets everybody perish 
that is nothing but selfishness." The antithesis of this truth 
is the secret of his immortality. 

I do not go into his nonpareil and munificent gifts to 
religious and charitable objects. Terence's words, "Nothing 
human is alien to me," are opposite when reasonably ap- 
plied. His contributions to the fraternal and church orphan- 
ages are unparalleled, his gifts to churches and other non- 
commercial projects are liken to Penn's of whom it was 
said: "His cosmopolitan benevolence was impartially ex- 
tended to all races and all creeds." 

I think a term of current vogue tends to interpret Gen- 
eral Carr's career. We frequently hear the term "conver- 
sionist" used in a very important sense, the changing of a 
country, indeed the world, from an all-out organization and 
adjustment to wage war to one even better geared for the 
no less renowned victories of peace. 

The General's assignment in conversion was far more 
difficult, the prostration he faced was overwhelming. South- 

[106] 



ern life was completely organized on the agrarian basis, with 
"the plantation system" and slavery indispensable compo- 
nents. The result of the war destroyed the last two. The 
coming of the industrial revolution (the factory system) and 
the provision of the new, wonderful transportation agency, 
the railroad, had been halted by the approach of "the inev- 
itable conflict." There was no national, sectional nor even 
State consideration of this frightful subject to obtain solu- 
tion. "Rugged individualism" was the David that faced 
Goliath. 

The great Georgian, Henry W. Grady, somewhat paral- 
leled General Carr in his life's work, Southern reconversion. 
Grady excelled in forensic accomplishments, and both were 
leaders in the substantial, material development of their sec- 
tion. Carr was more in touch with the realities of the situa- 
tion, both endorsed Hill's words: "There was a South of 
slavery and secession, that South is dead. There is a South 
of union and freedom, that South, thank God, is living, 
breathing, growing." His (Carr's) compatriot, Walter 
Page, made an enduring contribution to the intellectual 
phase of this subject, along with J. L. M. Currie. Inci- 
dentally, it is said James B. Duke treasured Grady's speech, 
"The New South," and carried it around in his pocket. 

Southern statesmanship must always be appraised in its 
relation to our colored citizens. In this respect the General 
met the test. I quote the views of as good an authority as 
can be found, President James E. Shepard of the North 
Carolina College for Negroes at Durham, North Carolina: 

"In all my dealings with General Carr and knowledge 
of his kind actions, I have never known the first time for 
him to fail to give to any enterprise which he thought would 
benefit the colored people or to lend his influence in their 
behalf. 

"Soon after the war ended between the States, when the 

[ 107 ] 



higher education of the Negro was not popular, General 
Carr selected Prof. W. G. Pearson to go to Shaw University 
and fit himself as a teacher. He agreed to pay all the ex- 
penses. Professor Pearson went, received his degree there, 
and became principal of the graded school in the city. After- 
wards he became principal of the high school and for 50 
years served the city of Durham. The Board of Education 
named their largest elementary school after Pearson. This 
was indeed vision and it was one of the best investments 
General Carr made. 

"When the National Religious Training School and 
Chatauqua was first established, which was afterwards to 
become the North Carolina College for Negroes, General 
Carr became chairman of the board of trustees. He put 
his time and money into the effort to establish that institu- 
tion, and no call upon him was ever made in vain. I have 
known scores and scores of colored people who were the 
recipients of his kindness and generosity. I, too, was a re- 
cipient of the same. I never knew a cause, as stated above, 
to be in vain. I have never known a colored person too poor 
or ignorant who went to General Carr for assistance who did 
not receive the same." 

JULIAN SHAKESPEARE CARR 

{Durham Sun y October 12, 1945) 

Today, as it observes the 100th anniversary of his birth, 
Durham reflects that General Julian Shakespeare Carr prob- 
ably should be remembered as Durham's first citizen. 

Dr. Bartlett Durham gave land for a railroad station, 
hence Durham's Station, then Durham, the town became ; 
but Dr. Durham died young, his civic activities more or less 
ended there. Durham had earlier industrialists, but they 
passed from the picture. It had a few, very few, indus- 

[108] 



trialists whose interests grew greater, but they moved from 
Durham, slipped out of the industrial scene or just died out. 

General Carr was born in Chapel Hill, then in the same 
county, passed his life as a Durham citizen and died as one. 
Becoming a third partner in the W. T. Blackwell tobacco 
manufacturing concern, he made Blackwell's "Bull Dur- 
ham" known the world 'round — and Durham as well. He 
launched the Durham Hosiery Mills. He brought Trinity 
College to Durham. 

In a word, he was one of Durham's chief industrial 
pioneers, one of its philanthropists, one of its civic forces ; 
and his interest remained in Durham. Named for him are 
a great many things, churches, a factory, a library, a Sunday 
School class, a host of children whose parents admired the 
man and, now, Durham's Central Junior High School. 

Indicative of his spirit and thought was his request that, 
on his death, friends not purchase floral tributes but books 
for the Durham Public Library. 

HONORING GENERAL CARR; NOBILITY'S 
IMMORTALITY 

(Durham Morning Herald, October 12, 1945) 

This is "General Julian S. Carr Day" in Durham. It 
is the centennial of the birth of that significant and impres- 
sive leader of Durham life of a previous generation. There 
is accumulating worth in stopping at this time to honor his 
memory, and to be reminded afresh of the manifold contri- 
butions that he made to the progress of this city. 

Many older citizens of Durham remember the General 
personally. They were recipients of his kindness, they felt 
the power of his dynamic personality, they watched him 
exercise a continuing and pervading concern for the welfare 
of the total life of Durham. 



[ 109 ] 



Such a man does not go without honor in his lifetime. 
General Carr received many such honors. They were show- 
ered upon him locally, and one has a feeling that these 
honors meant more to him than all the others that came 
from the outside. But he was honored around the South 
and the nation. All of the honors he wore with a fitting 
sense of propriety. 

On his seventy-fifth birthday, the city turned out for a 
mammoth birthday party on the lawn of the Carr home 
just off East Main Street. His friends gave him tangible 
evidence of their love and esteem, a token he cherished to 
his death some five years later. 

But after all the immortality of a man is in his works. 
His home has disappeared in the push of business in the city 
he helped to build. But not so with the institutions. More 
than forty such business firms profited by his business acu- 
men. Uncounted local philanthropies felt the impact of his 
money and his thought. Education, religion, government, 
and the arts — in these major fields, General Carr was a 
factor that was never ignored and more often a prime mover. 

It is of such men that cities are built. Durham pays 
tribute today to a great and noble life that gained its im- 
mortality through service. 

THE GOOD THAT MEN DO DOES LIVE AFTER 
THEM TO BLESS 

{Durham Morning Herald, October 13, 1945) 

Preservation of historical data is a compelling instinct for 
those who realize how valuable such a contribution may be 
to future development. Yesterday, Durham observed "Gen- 
eral Julian S. Carr Day." It was a full day, with five sepa- 
rate programs. The local papers have given considerable 
space to the emphasis throughout the past few weeks. 

[no] 



It is good to know that the data accumulated incident to 
this celebration will attain permanent form. The addresses, 
editorial comments, anecdotes, and miscellaneous materials 
will be brought together in a well-designed brochure. 

Looking back on the life of a man after he has been gone 
twenty-four years is not routine. Not every life deserves 
that much consideration. But there will be few to question 
that such recognition was due the memory of Julian S. Carr. 

Put it down for the records: General Carr was a very 
human gentleman. That admits that he had some faults ; 
that not everything he thought or did would pass muster 
before purists. 

But write it into the record, that he was public-spirited, 
he was generous, he was kindness epitomized, he was a good 
steward of his possession, honestly loved his church, believed 
in education and the arts, and was courageous in the light of 
his convictions. 

Such qualities as those found reflection in many ways. 
The good lives on after him. It will live, and Durham will 
continue to feel the impact of a life that was so noble, while 
so human. What a goal toward which all of us might strive. 

MRS. JULIAN S. CARR 

{Durham Sun, October 13, 1945) 

Yesterday was the day set aside by people in Durham 
to honor the memory of General Julian S. Carr because 
October 12 marked the hundredth anniversary of the Gen- 
eral's birth. Many old friends of General Carr have writ- 
ten stories of human interest about incidents that occurred 
during his lifetime and there are more that could have 
been written because he was a much beloved and most gen- 
erous person. There is much that could be said about all 
the Carrs because the General's family has meant much 

cm ] 



toward the development of Durham. Today I want to tell 
a little about the General's wife who meant so much to 
him, to her children, and to people in Durham. 

Mrs. Carr was lovely to look at and just as lovely to 
know. I don't suppose anyone could have been kindlier in 
her feelings toward everyone or more charitable than Mrs. 
Julian S. Carr was. She was not only charitable in deed but 
charitable in thought and word as well. It isn't often that 
we find one person endowed with so many Christian graces. 

Members of Trinity Methodist Church are still singing 
her praises and one of their fondest memories of Mrs. Carr 
is her devotion to her church and her unbounded generosity 
toward her church. She supplied flowers every week during 
the year from her greenhouses for church services and it 
was her pleasure to grow palms for wedding decorations. 
I don't suppose there were many florist shops here during 
her lifetime but there were always blossoms at her home to 
supply the needs of Durham brides on their wedding day. 

Mrs. Carr gave of herself and nothing was ever too 
much of an effort on her part. Friends today remember 
the American Beauty roses she sent by the armful, they re- 
member the spend-the-day parties at "Occoneechee Farm" 
and they could never forget how they came home loaded 
with country butter, eggs, dressed chickens, honey and other 
delicacies from these trips. 

Friends who called at "Somerset Villa" their town home 
which stood at the corner of Main and Dillard Streets, al- 
ways felt as if they had called at the right time, that is the 
way their hostess welcomed them. She was a busy person, 
but never too busy to chat with anyone. Many people called 
there who needed help and no one was ever known to be 
turned away and no one was ever made to feel inferior in 
her presence. She had the knack of making everyone feel 
at ease and she was a sound adviser and a sympathetic lis- 

[112] 



tener. No one knew about most of the real deeds of kind- 
ness Mrs. Carr was responsible for, because she did these 
things in a quiet way and never mentioned being of help to 
anyone. Those who were helped sometimes told though 
and there were numerous homes held together and many 
families kept comfortable because Mrs. Carr made it possible. 

I have never heard that she developed any special hobby 
but she developed something far more lasting than a mate- 
rial hobby. Mrs. Julian S. Carr collected friends, from lit- 
tle children to those who had grown to a ripened old age and 
her gift of adaptability was a gift from heaven. 

— M. McG. 

"TEA HOUSE" TECHNIQUE WOULD AID 
INTERNATIONALISM 

{Durham Morning Herald, October 1 6, 1945) 

Why couldn't we apply the "tea house" technique to 
the settlement of world problems? That technique may not 
be very familiar to you, unless you are familiar with com- 
munity life in China, or unless you heard Dr. Bangnee Liu 
in his masterful address at the "General Carr Day" dinner 
at the Armory on Friday evening. 

Briefly, as we understood Dr. Liu, the tea house serves 
as a combination coffee shop, soda emporium, and commu- 
nity club for the people. There they go with their minor 
difficulties of a civil nature. They take along friends, 
maybe, but any people who happen to be in the tea house 
get in on any arguments that are being aired. 

There they sit down together and talk over these civil 
difficulties : maybe a dispute about a piece of land, a deal for 
some personal property, an imposition on the person of an- 
other j and one of a hundred possible difficulties. 

The whole story is told before the entire group, discus- 

["3] 



sion follows, and recommendations are made. And Dr. Liu 
says that by this technique nine out of ten cases are settled. 
The other case goes to court — "to keep the lawyers in busi- 
ness," he humorously remarked. 

The Chinese are "naive" enough to believe that the 
problems of the world can be settled in the same fashion. 
They are not afraid to air their problems before their friends, 
and maybe even before some people they have never met 
before. 

They have enough confidence in the innate sense of 
human right to believe that if all the facts are face up, and 
everyone is frank with everyone else, right will come to 
light, and the difficulties will be solved. 

How right is the idea. How possible it is in world af- 
fairs, one can only guess. But how wonderful it would be 
if the whole world would be willing to copy the "tea house" 
technique of the Chinese. 

The problems that vex our international relationships 
would be simple as we look back upon them. We would 
have a way to live in peace with each other, and all prosper. 



[in] 



Date Due 



















































































































































































ELON COLLEGE LIBRARY 
923.3756 C23g 

General Julian S. Carr, greath